Magnetized plasma is an non-equilibrium matter rich in nonlinear phenomena; its structural formations are dominated by turbulence. This article provides a brief review of experiments and observations of phenomena occurring in turbulent plasmas, with an emphasis on the methodologies for characterizing turbulence, and visualizing the invisible structure created by turbulence and the internal couplings between the elemental waves that constitute turbulence. Zonal flows, streamers, blobs, and other phenomena are investigated by using analytical methods such as Fourier transformation, wavelet analysis, probabilistic density function analysis, bicoherence, wavelet bicoherence. Finally, the contemporary view of plasma turbulence is presented with discussion of unsolved transport issues in fusion plasmas, such as transport barrier formation and nonlocal transport.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Condensed Matter Physics