A ruthenium-catalyzed hydrosilane-induced polymerization of 3-alkyl-3-hydroxymethyloxetane derivatives: Facile access to functionalized polyoxetanes by virtue of organosilyl groups

Nari Aki Harada, Jushiro Yasuhara, Yukihiro Motoyama, Osamu Fujimura, Tetsuro Tsuji, Takeshi Takahashi, Yoshiaki Takahashi, Hideo Nagashima

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Abstract

Ring-opening polymerization of 3-alkyl-3-alkoxymethyl- or 3-alkyl-3-siloxymethyloxetanes is catalyzed by a triruthenium cluster, [Ru 33-(η23, η5-C12H8)}(CO)7], in the presence of trialkylsilanes, providing a novel accessible method for functionalized polyoxetanes of Mn = 103-105. Oxetanes having alkoxy-, fluoroalkoxy-, triethyleneglycoloxy-, and trialkylsiloxy functions undergo polymerization and copolymerization. Consumption rates of two monomers in the copolymerization of 3-benzyloxymethyl- and 3-trimethylsiloxymethyl-3-alkyloxetanes are almost the same, indicating formation of random copolymers. The organosilyl group in the polymer and copolymers with siloxymethyl side chains is converted to CH3OH or CH2OCOR groups by hydrolysis or silyl/acyl exchange. These protocols give the way to access polymers or copolymers bearing OH and OCOR side chains. A ruthenium-catalyzed reaction of 3-ethyl-3- hydroxymethyloxetane with trialkylsilanes results in dehydrogenative silylation to give 3-ethyl-3-siloxymethyloxetane, which is followed by ring-opening polymerization. Combination of tandem dehydrogenative silylation/ring-opening polymerization/the silyl/acyl exchange realizes one-pot synthesis of polymers with CH2OCOR side chains from 3-ethyl- 3-hydroxymethyloxetane. DSC analyses of the formed polymers provided Tg and Tm data, which are a good example showing that the polymer properties are controlled by appropriate selection of functional groups at the side chain.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)26-39
Number of pages14
JournalBulletin of the Chemical Society of Japan
Volume84
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 24 2011

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Ruthenium
Polymers
Polymerization
Derivatives
Ring opening polymerization
Copolymers
Copolymerization
Bearings (structural)
Carbon Monoxide
Functional groups
Hydrolysis
Ion exchange
Monomers
poly(oxetane)

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)

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A ruthenium-catalyzed hydrosilane-induced polymerization of 3-alkyl-3-hydroxymethyloxetane derivatives : Facile access to functionalized polyoxetanes by virtue of organosilyl groups. / Harada, Nari Aki; Yasuhara, Jushiro; Motoyama, Yukihiro; Fujimura, Osamu; Tsuji, Tetsuro; Takahashi, Takeshi; Takahashi, Yoshiaki; Nagashima, Hideo.

In: Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Japan, Vol. 84, No. 1, 24.01.2011, p. 26-39.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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