This paper presents a scaling limit of Hamiltonians which describe interactions of N-nonrelativistic charged particles in a scalar potential and a quantized radiation field in the Coulomb gauge with the dipole approximation. The scaling limit defines effective potentials In one-nonrelativistic particle case, the effective potentials have been known to be Gaussian transformations of the scalar potential [J. Math. Phys. 34 (1993) 4478-4518]. However it is shown that the effective potentials in the case of N-nonrelativistic particles are not necessary to be Gaussian transformations of the scalar potential.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
- Mathematical Physics