A straightforward electro-optic polymer covered titanium dioxide strip line modulator with a low driving voltage

Feng Qiu, Andrew Mark Spring, Daisuke Maeda, Masa Aki Ozawa, Keisuke Odoi, Isao Aoki, Akira Otomo, Shiyoshi Yokoyama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

An electro-optic (EO) modulator composed of an EO polymer/titanium dioxide (TiO2) hybrid waveguide has been designed and fabricated. By using a TiO2 strip line (0.3×0.3μm2 cross-section) as the core, the confinement factor in the EO polymer is optimized, thus achieving a high EO activity. The coplanar electrode spacing is tuned to enable an effective poling and a small propagation loss. The measured in-device EO coefficient is 100pm/V at 1550nm, with a driving voltage (Vπ) 3.2V for the 12mm-electrode length. The results also predict a possible Vπ of ∼1V in a push-pull MZI structure. The EO activity of the modulator exhibited an excellent temporal stability at 85°C for 500 h due to the high glass transition temperature of the EO polymer and the temperature-insensitive TiO2 strip line.

Original languageEnglish
Article number073305
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Volume105
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 18 2014

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titanium oxides
low voltage
electro-optics
modulators
strip
polymers
electrodes
glass transition temperature
spacing
waveguides
propagation
cross sections
electric potential
coefficients

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

Cite this

A straightforward electro-optic polymer covered titanium dioxide strip line modulator with a low driving voltage. / Qiu, Feng; Spring, Andrew Mark; Maeda, Daisuke; Ozawa, Masa Aki; Odoi, Keisuke; Aoki, Isao; Otomo, Akira; Yokoyama, Shiyoshi.

In: Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 105, No. 7, 073305, 18.08.2014.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Qiu, Feng ; Spring, Andrew Mark ; Maeda, Daisuke ; Ozawa, Masa Aki ; Odoi, Keisuke ; Aoki, Isao ; Otomo, Akira ; Yokoyama, Shiyoshi. / A straightforward electro-optic polymer covered titanium dioxide strip line modulator with a low driving voltage. In: Applied Physics Letters. 2014 ; Vol. 105, No. 7.
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