This paper reports on the behaviour of high-energy ions created by ion cyclotron range of frequency (ICRF) heating on the Large Helical Device (LHD). In the third experimental campaign conducted in 1999, it was found that minority heating has good heating performance, and high-energy particles were observed. In the fourth campaign in 2000, the temporal behaviour of high-energy ions was investigated in the minority heating regime using turnoff or modulation of ICRF power. The time evolution of the high-energy particle distribution was measured using a natural diamond detector (NDD) and a time-of-flight neutral particle analyser (TOF-NPA). It was found that the count number of higher-energy particles declines faster than that of lower-energy particles after ICRF turnoff. In the modulation experiments, the phase difference of the flux of high-energy particles with respect to the ICRF power modulation increased with energy. These results were explained qualitatively by the Fokker-Planck equation with a simple model. The pitch-angle dependence of the distribution function was also measured in the experiment by changing the line of sight of the TOF-NPA, and an anisotropy of the high-energy tail was found. This anisotropy was reproduced by solving the bounce-averaged Fokker-Planck equation. The second harmonic heating was conducted successfully for the first time in the LHD in high-β plasma, and high-energy particles were also detected in this heating regime.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Nuclear Energy and Engineering
- Condensed Matter Physics