To clarify whether the pattern of bone destruction seen on CT is more closely associated with the outcome of carcinoma of the mandibular gingiva than that derived from panoramic radiographs (PR). Axial bone window CT scans and PR of 62 patients with carcinoma of the mandibular gingiva were evaluated retrospectively by two oral radiologists for the pattern of bone destruction. Patterns were classified into the three types: erosive, invasive and mixed. The relationship between these patterns with each imaging modality and cumulative recurrence rate, cumulative metastasis rate and cumulative survival rate, calculated by the Kaplan-Meier method, were statistically analysed by the log rank test. The pattern of bone destruction derived from CT was closely associated with the cumulative metastasis rate (P<0.05), the cumulative recurrence rate and the cumulative survival rate. In contrast, the pattern of bone destruction based on the PR was not associated with the cumulative metastasis rate (P = 0.43), the cumulative recurrence rate (P = 0.44), or the cumulative survival rate (P = 0.5). The prognosis of patients with carcinoma of the mandibular gingiva is more closely related to a classification derived from the pattern of bone destruction on CT rather than PR. However, the number of subjects investigated in this study was not large enough to confirm our conclusions statistically. Further studies by other investigators are therefore needed.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging