Silica scales containing large amounts of smectite were recently found in the pipelines for geothermal water at a geothermal power plant. To elucidate the mechanism of smectite formation, seven silica scale samples were characterized by powder X-ray diffraction, chemical analysis and 27Al MAS NMR. Smectite was present in samples with MgO levels above 10 wt% and Al2O3 levels below 10 wt%. In 27Al MAS NMR spectra, peaks assigned to both tetrahedrally and octahedrally coordinated aluminum (Al(4) and Al(6)) were observed for Mg-rich samples, whereas a peak due to Al(4) alone appeared in Mg-poor samples. From these observation and comparison between 27Al MAS NMR spectra for synthesized precipitates of Al2O3-SiO2 containing MgO and not containing MgO, it is concluded that magnesium plays an important role in the stabilization of Al(6), and results in the formation of smectite.
|Number of pages||4|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 1 2005|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Geochemistry and Petrology