A tailored next-generation sequencing panel identified distinct subtypes of wildtype IDH and TERT promoter glioblastomas

Nayuta Higa, Toshiaki Akahane, Seiya Yokoyama, Hajime Yonezawa, Hiroyuki Uchida, Tomoko Takajo, Mari Kirishima, Taiji Hamada, Kei Matsuo, Shingo Fujio, Tomoko Hanada, Hiroshi Hosoyama, Masanori Yonenaga, Akihisa Sakamoto, Tsubasa Hiraki, Akihide Tanimoto, Koji Yoshimoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Central nervous system tumors are classified based on an integrated diagnosis combining histology and molecular characteristics, including IDH1/2 and H3-K27M mutations, as well as 1p/19q codeletion. Here, we aimed to develop and assess the feasibility of a glioma-tailored 48-gene next-generation sequencing (NGS) panel for integrated glioma diagnosis. We designed a glioma-tailored 48-gene NGS panel for detecting 1p/19q codeletion and mutations in IDH1/2, TP53, PTEN, PDGFRA, NF1, RB1, CDKN2A/B, CDK4, and the TERT promoter (TERTp). We analyzed 106 glioma patients (grade II: 19 cases, grade III: 23 cases, grade IV: 64 cases) using this system. The 1p/19q codeletion was detected precisely in oligodendroglial tumors using our NGS panel. In a cohort of 64 grade Ⅳ gliomas, we identified 56 IDH-wildtype glioblastomas. Within these IDH-wildtype glioblastomas, 33 samples (58.9%) showed a mutation in TERTp. Notably, PDGFRA mutations and their amplification were more commonly seen in TERTp-wildtype glioblastomas (43%) than in TERTp-mutant glioblastomas (6%) (P =.001). Hierarchical molecular classification of IDH-wildtype glioblastomas revealed 3 distinct groups of IDH-wildtype glioblastomas. One major cluster was characterized by mutations in PDGFRA, amplification of CDK4 and PDGFRA, homozygous deletion of CDKN2A/B, and absence of TERTp mutations. This cluster was significantly associated with older age (P =.021), higher Ki-67 score (P =.007), poor prognosis (P =.012), and a periventricular tumor location. We report the development of a glioma-tailored NGS panel for detecting 1p/19q codeletion and driver gene mutations on a single platform. Our panel identified distinct subtypes of IDH- and TERTp-wildtype glioblastomas with frequent PDGFRA alterations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3902-3911
Number of pages10
JournalCancer Science
Volume111
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2020
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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