A unifying picture of helical and azimuthal magnetorotational instability, and the universal significance of the Liu limit

Oleg N. Kirillov, Frank Stefani, Yasuhide Fukumoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The magnetorotational instability (MRI) plays a key role for cosmic structure formation by triggering turbulence in the rotating flows of accretion disks that would be otherwise hydrodynamically stable. In the limit of smallmagnetic Prandtl number, the helical and the azimuthal versions of MRI are known to be governed by a quite different scaling behavior than the standard MRI with a vertical applied magnetic field. Using the short-wavelength approximation for an incompressible, resistive, and viscous rotating fluid, we present a unified description of helical and azimuthal MRI, and we identify the universal character of the Liu limit 2(1-√2) ≈-0.8284 for the critical Rossby number. From this universal behavior we are also led to the prediction that the instability will be governed by a mode with an azimuthal wavenumber that is proportional to the ratio of axial to azimuthal applied magnetic field, when this ratio becomes large and the Rossby number is close to the Liu limit.

Original languageEnglish
Article number83
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume756
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2012

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Rossby number
rotating flow
magnetic field
rotating fluid
rotating fluids
Prandtl number
magnetic fields
accretion disks
turbulence
accretion
wavelength
scaling
prediction
predictions
approximation
wavelengths

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

A unifying picture of helical and azimuthal magnetorotational instability, and the universal significance of the Liu limit. / Kirillov, Oleg N.; Stefani, Frank; Fukumoto, Yasuhide.

In: Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 756, No. 1, 83, 01.09.2012.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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