A unique seal-less solid oxide fuel cell stack & its CFD analysis

Taner Akbay, Norihisa Chitose, Takashi Miyazawa, Naoya Murakami, Kei Hosoi, Futoshi Nishiwaki, Toru Inagaki

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

    6 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Combined Heat and Power (CHP) generation units based on intermediate temperature (600-800°C) solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) modules have been collaboratively developed by Mitsubishi Materials Corporation and The Kansai Electric Power Co., Inc. Currently, hydrocarbon fuel utilising units designed to produce modular power outputs up to 10 kWe-AC with overall efficiencies greater than 80%(HHV) are being tested. A unique seal-less stack concept is adopted to build SOFC modules accommodating multiple stacks incorporated of stainless steel separators and disk-type planar electrolyte-supported cells. In order to advance the current technology to achieve improved levels of efficiency and reliability, through design iterations, computational modelling tools are being heavily utilised. This contribution will describe the results of coupled computational fluid dynamics (CFD) analysis performed on our fourth-generation l kW class SOFC stack. A commercially available CFD code is employed for solving the governing equations for conservation of mass, momentum and energy. In addition, a local electrochemical reaction model is coupled to the rest of the transport processes that take place within the SOFC stack. It is found that the CFD based multi-physics model is capable of providing necessary and proper guidance for identifying problem areas in designing multi-cell SOFC stacks. The stack performance is also estimated by calibrating the computational model against data obtained by experimental measurements.

    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationProceedings of 4th International ASME Conference on Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology, FUELCELL2006
    PublisherAmerican Society of Mechanical Engineers
    ISBN (Print)0791837807, 9780791837801
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2006
    Event4th International ASME Conference on Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology, FUELCELL2006 - Irvine, CA, United States
    Duration: Jun 19 2006Jun 21 2006

    Publication series

    NameProceedings of 4th International ASME Conference on Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology, FUELCELL2006
    Volume2006

    Other

    Other4th International ASME Conference on Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology, FUELCELL2006
    CountryUnited States
    CityIrvine, CA
    Period6/19/066/21/06

    All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

    • Engineering(all)

    Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'A unique seal-less solid oxide fuel cell stack & its CFD analysis'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this