Aberrant activation of bone marrow Ly6C high monocytes in diabetic mice contributes to impaired glucose tolerance

Yosuke Ikeda, Noriyuki Sonoda, Battsetseg Bachuluun, Shinichiro Kimura, Yoshihiro Ogawa, Toyoshi Inoguchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Accumulating evidence indicates that diabetes and obesity are associated with chronic low-grade inflammation and multiple organ failure. Tissue-infiltrated inflammatory M1 macrophages are aberrantly activated in these conditions and contribute to hyperglycemia and insulin resistance. However, it is unclear at which stage these cells become aberrantly activated: as precursor monocytes in the bone marrow or as differentiated macrophages in tissues. We examined the abundance, activation state, and function of bone marrow-derived Ly6Chigh monocytes in mice with diabetes and/or obesity. Ly6Chigh monocytes were FACS-purified from six groups of male mice consisting of type 2 diabetes model db/db mice, streptozotocin (STZ) induced insulin depletion mice, high fat diet (HFD) induced obesity mice and each control mice. Ly6Chigh monocytes were then analyzed for the expression of inflammation markers by qRT-PCR. In addition, bone marrow-derived Ly6Chigh monocytes from db/+ and db/db mice were fluorescently labeled and injected into groups of db/db recipient mice. Cell trafficking to tissues and levels of markers were examined in the recipient mice. The expression of many inflammation-related genes was significantly increased in Ly6Chigh monocytes from db/db mice, compared with the control. Bone marrow-derived Ly6Chigh monocytes isolated from db/db mice, but not from db/+ mice, displayed prominent infiltration into peripheral tissues at 1 week after transfer into db/db mice. The recipients of db/db Ly6Chigh monocytes also exhibited significantly increased serum glucose levels and worsening tolerance compared with mice receiving db/+ Ly6Chigh monocytes. These novel observations suggest that activated Ly6Chigh monocytes may contribute to the glucose intolerance observed in diabetes.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0229401
JournalPloS one
Volume15
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • General

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