A pure organic single crystal, [H2dabco]·[2CB]2 ([H2dabco]2+ = diprotonated 1,4-diazabicyclo[2.2.2]octane, 2CB- = 2-chlorobenzoate), which undergoes a ferroelectric-to-paraelectric phase transition above room temperature (∼323 K upon heating), was prepared and characterized. This ferroelectric crystal possesses a distinctive supramolecular architecture composed of discrete H-bonded trimeric units (two 2CB- anions bridged by one [H2dabco]2+ cation through N-H···O hydrogen bond interactions). In the paraelectric phase, the [H2dabco]2+ cation is rotationally disordered and lies at the symmetric center of the trimer. Upon cooling, it is frozen in an ordered state and deviates toward a 2CB- anion at one end along the H-bond. The collective displacement of the cations leads to a polarization of the single crystal along the crystallographic c axis, which is confirmed by the temperature dependence of the second harmonic generation and spontaneous polarization. A significant increase in the phase transition temperature of the deuterated analogue suggests that the proton plays an important role in the ferroelectric phase transition.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry