Academic delay of gratification and children's study time allocation as a function of proximity to consequential academic goals

Lili Zhang, Stuart A. Karabenick, Shun'ichi Maruno, Fani Lauermann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Students (N=302) in Chinese elementary schools were assessed regarding their academic delay of gratification (ADOG) and reported the time they devoted to non-school study and playtime during an extended interval prior to taking a high-stakes final exam. Students high compared those low in ADOG were more likely to spend time studying and less time playing several weeks prior to the exam. Growth curve analyses verified, however, that this difference diminished as a function of the temporal proximity to the exam, and that the group differences were non-existent just before the exam. Associations between ADOG and students' academic motivation and use of learning strategies replicated those obtained previously with adults in the USA. Results contribute to the general literatures on volition, homework and the dynamics of conflicting goals and action tendencies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)77-94
Number of pages18
JournalLearning and Instruction
Volume21
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2011

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

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