We have previously developed an accumulative site-specific gene integration system (AGIS) using Cre-recombinase and mutated loxP sites. AGIS enables repeated transgene integration into a predetermined chromosomal site in mammalian cells. However, the process of establishing cells with multiple integrated copies of the transgene is still time-consuming. In the present study, we describe an improved version of AGIS that facilitates and accelerates the establishment of high-producer Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells. Two donor vectors were simultaneously introduced into the cells in a single transfection. Cells with successfully targeted transgene integration were screened based on a change in the color of the reporter fluorescent protein that they express. Repeated rounds of integration allowed the transgene copy number to be increased. As a model, an scFv-Fc antibody gene was integrated into the hprt locus of the CHO cell genome. After three rounds of integration, a high-producer CHO cell clone with six copies of the scFv-Fc gene was successfully established. scFv-Fc productivity was approximately four-fold greater than a control cell line harboring a single copy of the transgene. This newly designed AGIS procedure should facilitate the development of producer cells suitable for biopharmaceutical protein production.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology