Acid–Base Equilibria of Merocyanine Air–Water Monolayers

Robert A. Hall, Peter J. Thistlethwaite, Franz Grieser, Nobuo Kimizuka, Toyoki Kunitake

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)


The acid–equilibrium of air–water monolayers of 1-docosyl-4-(4-hydroxystyryl)pyridinium bromide (HSP) on a range of subphases was investigated. On an aqueous subphase the observed pKa at halfionization was found to be considerably lower than that measured in mixed solvent systems. This difference is attributed in part to the enhanced stabilization of the unprotonated form of HSP in the monolayer environment by keto–enol tautomerization. The pKa of 11.0 measured for HSP monolayers on dextran sulfate solution was rationalized in terms of the acid group of HSP experiencing a net negative surface potential. Reflection spectra of the HSP monolayer on an anionic cyanine dye solution subphase indicated that only the protonated HSP species is complexed by the dye, giving support to the idea that the unprotonated form lacks a site of appreciable positive charge.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3743-3748
Number of pages6
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 1994

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Spectroscopy
  • Electrochemistry


Dive into the research topics of 'Acid–Base Equilibria of Merocyanine Air–Water Monolayers'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this