Action of 2-aryliminothiazolidines on octopamine-sensitive adenylate cyclase in the American cockroach nerve cord and on the two-spotted spider mite Tetranychus urticae koch

Akinori Hirashima, Yutaka Yoshii, Morifusa Eto

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25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The effects of 2-(2,6-diethylphenylimino)thiazolidine (HSO-783) and 2-(4-chloro-2-methylphenylimino)thiazolidine (HSO-786) were compared with those of 2-(2,6-diethylphenylimino)imidazolidine (NC-5) and 2-(4-chloro-2-methylphenylimino)oxazolidine (AC-6) in stimulating adenylate cyclase of Periplaneta americana ventral nerve cord homogenates. These activities were nonadditive with respect to the activity of a maximally effective concentration of octopamine. Washing of homogenates of ventral nerve cord incubated with NC-5, HSO-783, AC-6, and HSO-786 removed nearly all of the stimulatory activities of these agonists. Maximal stimulation of nerve cord adenylate cyclase activity by NC-5, HSO-783, AC-6, and HSO-786 was inhibited by several antagonists, including mianserin, cyproheptadine, chloromazine, and gramine. The rank-order ability of these antagonists to block the maximal adenylate cyclase activation by NC-5, HSO-783, AC-6, and HSO-786 was identical to the rank-order ability of the same antagonists to block the enzyme activation by an optimally effective concentration of octopamine. The β-adrenergic antagonist propranolol was less potent in this respect. AC-6 was a much better acaricide than HSO-783, HSO-786, and NC-5, which were much less potent octopaminergic agonists than AC-6. HSO-786 was a more potent acaricide and octopaminergic agonist than HSO-783. These observations suggest that the toxicity of NC-5, HSO-783, AC-6, and HSO-786 may be due to their octopaminergic agonist action.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)101-107
Number of pages7
JournalPesticide Biochemistry and Physiology
Volume44
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1992

Fingerprint

Tetranychidae
Octopamine
Periplaneta
octopamine
adenylate cyclase
Periplaneta americana
Tetranychus urticae
Adenylyl Cyclases
agonists
nerve tissue
ventral nerve cord
antagonists
acaricides
Thiazolidines
Acaricides
gramine
adrenergic antagonists
cyproheptadine
enzyme activation
propranolol

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

Cite this

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title = "Action of 2-aryliminothiazolidines on octopamine-sensitive adenylate cyclase in the American cockroach nerve cord and on the two-spotted spider mite Tetranychus urticae koch",
abstract = "The effects of 2-(2,6-diethylphenylimino)thiazolidine (HSO-783) and 2-(4-chloro-2-methylphenylimino)thiazolidine (HSO-786) were compared with those of 2-(2,6-diethylphenylimino)imidazolidine (NC-5) and 2-(4-chloro-2-methylphenylimino)oxazolidine (AC-6) in stimulating adenylate cyclase of Periplaneta americana ventral nerve cord homogenates. These activities were nonadditive with respect to the activity of a maximally effective concentration of octopamine. Washing of homogenates of ventral nerve cord incubated with NC-5, HSO-783, AC-6, and HSO-786 removed nearly all of the stimulatory activities of these agonists. Maximal stimulation of nerve cord adenylate cyclase activity by NC-5, HSO-783, AC-6, and HSO-786 was inhibited by several antagonists, including mianserin, cyproheptadine, chloromazine, and gramine. The rank-order ability of these antagonists to block the maximal adenylate cyclase activation by NC-5, HSO-783, AC-6, and HSO-786 was identical to the rank-order ability of the same antagonists to block the enzyme activation by an optimally effective concentration of octopamine. The β-adrenergic antagonist propranolol was less potent in this respect. AC-6 was a much better acaricide than HSO-783, HSO-786, and NC-5, which were much less potent octopaminergic agonists than AC-6. HSO-786 was a more potent acaricide and octopaminergic agonist than HSO-783. These observations suggest that the toxicity of NC-5, HSO-783, AC-6, and HSO-786 may be due to their octopaminergic agonist action.",
author = "Akinori Hirashima and Yutaka Yoshii and Morifusa Eto",
year = "1992",
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AU - Eto, Morifusa

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N2 - The effects of 2-(2,6-diethylphenylimino)thiazolidine (HSO-783) and 2-(4-chloro-2-methylphenylimino)thiazolidine (HSO-786) were compared with those of 2-(2,6-diethylphenylimino)imidazolidine (NC-5) and 2-(4-chloro-2-methylphenylimino)oxazolidine (AC-6) in stimulating adenylate cyclase of Periplaneta americana ventral nerve cord homogenates. These activities were nonadditive with respect to the activity of a maximally effective concentration of octopamine. Washing of homogenates of ventral nerve cord incubated with NC-5, HSO-783, AC-6, and HSO-786 removed nearly all of the stimulatory activities of these agonists. Maximal stimulation of nerve cord adenylate cyclase activity by NC-5, HSO-783, AC-6, and HSO-786 was inhibited by several antagonists, including mianserin, cyproheptadine, chloromazine, and gramine. The rank-order ability of these antagonists to block the maximal adenylate cyclase activation by NC-5, HSO-783, AC-6, and HSO-786 was identical to the rank-order ability of the same antagonists to block the enzyme activation by an optimally effective concentration of octopamine. The β-adrenergic antagonist propranolol was less potent in this respect. AC-6 was a much better acaricide than HSO-783, HSO-786, and NC-5, which were much less potent octopaminergic agonists than AC-6. HSO-786 was a more potent acaricide and octopaminergic agonist than HSO-783. These observations suggest that the toxicity of NC-5, HSO-783, AC-6, and HSO-786 may be due to their octopaminergic agonist action.

AB - The effects of 2-(2,6-diethylphenylimino)thiazolidine (HSO-783) and 2-(4-chloro-2-methylphenylimino)thiazolidine (HSO-786) were compared with those of 2-(2,6-diethylphenylimino)imidazolidine (NC-5) and 2-(4-chloro-2-methylphenylimino)oxazolidine (AC-6) in stimulating adenylate cyclase of Periplaneta americana ventral nerve cord homogenates. These activities were nonadditive with respect to the activity of a maximally effective concentration of octopamine. Washing of homogenates of ventral nerve cord incubated with NC-5, HSO-783, AC-6, and HSO-786 removed nearly all of the stimulatory activities of these agonists. Maximal stimulation of nerve cord adenylate cyclase activity by NC-5, HSO-783, AC-6, and HSO-786 was inhibited by several antagonists, including mianserin, cyproheptadine, chloromazine, and gramine. The rank-order ability of these antagonists to block the maximal adenylate cyclase activation by NC-5, HSO-783, AC-6, and HSO-786 was identical to the rank-order ability of the same antagonists to block the enzyme activation by an optimally effective concentration of octopamine. The β-adrenergic antagonist propranolol was less potent in this respect. AC-6 was a much better acaricide than HSO-783, HSO-786, and NC-5, which were much less potent octopaminergic agonists than AC-6. HSO-786 was a more potent acaricide and octopaminergic agonist than HSO-783. These observations suggest that the toxicity of NC-5, HSO-783, AC-6, and HSO-786 may be due to their octopaminergic agonist action.

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