The activation of c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase (JNK)/stress-activated protein kinase (SAPK) and/or extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) is involved in ceramide-induced apoptosis in certain cells. To examine the relationship between activated Ki-ras-mediated signals and ceramide-induced apoptosis in human colon cancer cells, JNK/SAPK and ERK activity, as initiated by ceramide, was examined in HCT116, which has a mutation of Ki- ras at codon 13, and HCT116-derived clones, HKe-3 and HKh-2, in which activated Ki-ras was disrupted through gene targeting. In HKe-3 and HKh-2, the activity of JNK/SAPK increased significantly within 60 min following C2 ceramide stimulation, and some apoptosis followed. In contrast, C2 ceramide caused a marked apoptosis in HCT116, but activation of JNK/SAPK was not observed. C2 ceramide did not activate ERK in any of the cell lines. These results suggest that activated Ki-ras contributes to the sensitivity of ceramide-induced apoptosis without JNK/SAPK or ERK activation and that other signaling pathways involved in ceramide-induced apoptosis may be present in human colon cancer cells.
|Number of pages||4|
|Publication status||Published - Nov 1 1997|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cancer Research