Activation of titanium-vanadium alloy for hydrogen storage by introduction of nanograins and edge dislocations using high-pressure torsion

Kaveh Edalati, Huaiyu Shao, Hoda Emami, Hideaki Iwaoka, Etsuo Akiba, Zenji Horita

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Ti-V alloys thermodynamically absorb hydrogen at room temperature, but hydrogenation does not occur practically without a sophisticated activation process. In this study, a nanograined TiV alloy with the supersaturated bcc structure and an ultrahigh density of edge dislocations (>1016 m-2) was mechanically synthesized from Ti and V powders using the high-pressure torsion (HPT) method. The presence of large fractions of grain boundaries and dislocations, as effective pathways for hydrogen diffusion, activated TiV and it absorbed ∼4 wt.% of hydrogen at room temperature after an incubation period. The kinetic measurements suggested that the hydrogen absorption in the incubation period is controlled by the slow rate of hydrogen dissociation, while the hydrogenation rate in the latter stage is controlled by diffusion of hydrogen atoms.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8917-8924
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Volume41
Issue number21
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 8 2016

Fingerprint

vanadium alloys
Vanadium alloys
Edge dislocations
edge dislocations
Hydrogen storage
titanium alloys
Titanium alloys
Torsional stress
torsion
Chemical activation
activation
Hydrogen
hydrogen
hydrogenation
Hydrogenation
room temperature
hydrogen atoms
Dislocations (crystals)
grain boundaries
dissociation

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

Cite this

Activation of titanium-vanadium alloy for hydrogen storage by introduction of nanograins and edge dislocations using high-pressure torsion. / Edalati, Kaveh; Shao, Huaiyu; Emami, Hoda; Iwaoka, Hideaki; Akiba, Etsuo; Horita, Zenji.

In: International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol. 41, No. 21, 08.06.2016, p. 8917-8924.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Edalati, Kaveh ; Shao, Huaiyu ; Emami, Hoda ; Iwaoka, Hideaki ; Akiba, Etsuo ; Horita, Zenji. / Activation of titanium-vanadium alloy for hydrogen storage by introduction of nanograins and edge dislocations using high-pressure torsion. In: International Journal of Hydrogen Energy. 2016 ; Vol. 41, No. 21. pp. 8917-8924.
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