Active noise control based on state feedback by a concentrated mass model

Shotaro Hisano, Satoshi Ishikawa, Shinya Kijimoto, Yosuke Koba

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

We herein propose a new model-based control method, in place of traditional adaptive control, for a low-frequency noise problem in a closed space. The proposed control method is based on state feedback control and a model of the acoustic space obtained by the concentrated mass model. Thus, we can control noise in the entire space. According to the concentrated mass model, the acoustic space is modeled as masses, connecting linear springs, connecting dampers, and base support dampers. Furthermore, a loudspeaker, as a control source, is also modeled by a mass, a spring, and a damper. In the present paper, as a first step, we constructed a coupled analysis model of a one-dimensional sound field and the loudspeaker. We designed the model-based system for the standing sound wave in the low-frequency band. Specifically, we realized a state feedback control system based on a Kalman filter and pole placement. Modal reduction using modal analysis is conducted to reduce the computation time of the controller. Then, we conducted experiments and a numerical simulation of the one-dimensional sound tube to confirm the validity of the analysis model. Moreover, we perform an experiment to control the noise in the sound tube. The noise is reduced around the resonance frequency in the entire space. Therefore, the proposed method is valid for noise control in a closed space.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationINTERNOISE 2014 - 43rd International Congress on Noise Control Engineering
Subtitle of host publicationImproving the World Through Noise Control
EditorsJohn Davy, Marion Burgess, Charles Don, Liz Dowsett, Terry McMinn, Norm Broner
PublisherAustralian Acoustical Society
ISBN (Electronic)9780909882037
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2014
Event43rd International Congress on Noise Control Engineering: Improving the World Through Noise Control, INTERNOISE 2014 - Melbourne, Australia
Duration: Nov 16 2014Nov 19 2014

Publication series

NameINTERNOISE 2014 - 43rd International Congress on Noise Control Engineering: Improving the World Through Noise Control

Other

Other43rd International Congress on Noise Control Engineering: Improving the World Through Noise Control, INTERNOISE 2014
CountryAustralia
CityMelbourne
Period11/16/1411/19/14

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics

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