Despite promising clinical results from imatinib mesylate and second-generation ABL tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) for most BCR-ABL + leukemia, BCR-ABL harboring the mutation of threonine 315 to isoleucine (BCR-ABL/T315I) is not targeted by any of these agents. We describe the in vitro and in vivo effects of AT9283 (1-cyclopropyl-3[5-morpholin-4yl methyl-1H-benzomidazol-2-yl]-urea), a potent inhibitor of several protein kinases, including Aurora A, Aurora B, Janus kinase 2 (JAK2), JAK3, and ABL on diverse imatinib-resistant BCR-ABL+ cells. AT9283 showed potent antiproliferative activity on cells transformed by wild-type BCR-ABL and BCR-ABL/T315I. AT9283 inhibited proliferation in a panel of BaF3 and human BCR-ABL+ cell lines both sensitive and resistant to imatinib because of a variety of mechanisms. In BCR-ABL+ cells, we confirmed inhibition of substrates of both BCR-ABL (signal transducer and activator of transcription-5) and Aurora B (histone H3) at physiologically achievable concentrations. The in vivo effects of AT9283 were examined in several mouse models engrafted either subcutaneously or intravenously with BaF3/BCR-ABL, human BCR-ABL+ cell lines, or primary patient samples expressing BCR-ABL/T315I or glutamic acid 255 to lysine, another imatinib-resistant mutation. These data together support further clinical investigation of AT9283 in patients with imatinib- and second-generation ABL TKI-resistant BCR-ABL + cells, including T315I.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cell Biology