Biallelic inactivating germline mutations in the base excision repair MUTYH (MYH) gene have been shown to predispose to MUTYH-associated polyposis (MAP), which is characterized by multiple colorectal adenomas and carcinomas. In this study, we successfully prepared highly homogeneous human MUTYH type 2 recombinant proteins and compared the DNA glycosylase activity of the wild-type protein and fourteen variant-type proteins on adenine mispaired with 8-hydroxyguanine, an oxidized form of guanine. The adenine DNA glycosylase activity of the p.I195V protein, p.G368D protein, p.M255V protein, and p.Y151C protein was 66.9%, 15.2%, 10.7%, and 4.5%, respectively, of that of the wild-type protein, and the glycosylase activity of the p.R154H, p.L360P, p.P377L, p.452delE, p.R69X, and p.Q310X proteins as well as of the p.D208N negative control form was extremely severely impaired. The glycosylase activity of the p.V47E, p.R281C, p.A345V, and p.S487F proteins, on the other hand, was almost the same as that of the wild-type protein. These results should be of great value in accurately diagnosing MAP and in fully understanding the mechanism by which MUTYH repairs DNA in which adenine is mispaired with 8-hydroxyguanine.
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