We investigate the adiabatic orbital evolution of a point particle in Kerr spacetime due to the emission of gravitational waves. In the case that the timescale of the orbital evolution is sufficiently smaller than the characteristic timescale of orbits, the evolution of orbits is characterized by the rates of change of three constants of motion, the energy E, the azimuthal angular momentum L, and the Carter constant Q. We can evaluate the rates of change of E and L from the fluxes of the energy and the angular momentum at infinity and on the event horizon, employing the balance argument. However, for the Carter constant, we cannot use the balance argument because we do not know the conserved current associated with it. Recently, Mino proposed a new method of evaluating the average rate of change rate of the Carter constant by using the radiative field. In a previous paper, we developed a simplified scheme for determining the evolution of the Carter constant based on Mino's proposal. In this paper we describe our scheme in more detail and derive explicit analytic formulae for the rates of change of the energy, the angular momentum and the Carter constant.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)