A rigorous thermodynamic treatment appropriate for surface adsorption from mixed aqueous solution of alkali and polyprotic acid was derived. Those equations were applied to mixed aqueous solution/air systems of alkali metal hydroxide and FeIII complex with ethylenediamine- N, N, N′,N′-tetraacetate (Fe-EDTA). Surface density of each species arising from Fe-EDTA was separately evaluated, and thus, surface activity of Fe-EDTA was studied, especially its dependence on pH and how it is influenced by the counter cations. Fe-EDTA was positively adsorbed at the water/air interface at very low pHs and negatively at high pHs. The pH range of positive adsorption of Fe-EDTA with potassium ion, as a counter ion, was wider than that with sodium ion. Thus, potassium ion, a structure breaker, tended to smooth surface adsorption of Fe-EDTA at the water/air interface, whereas sodium ion, a structure maker, tended to withdraw Fe-EDTA from the interfacial region.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Polymers and Plastics
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry
- Materials Chemistry