非慣用的言語行動を多用する自閉性障害児に対するかかわり手の発語の分析: かかわり手による非慣用的言語行動の理解変容過程との関係

Translated title of the contribution: Adult Utterances Toward an Adolescent With Autistic Disorder: Understanding Unconventional Verbal Behavior

廣澤 満之, 田中 真理

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Many individuals with autism utter unconventional verbal behavior, a continuum of verbal behavior the function of which ranges from symbolic to quasi-symbolic, and that includes immediate echolalia, delayed echolalia, perseverative speech, and incessant questioning. The purposes of the present study were to clarify which utterances by an adult readily obtained a response from a youth with autistic disorder, and to clarify the process by which the adult came to understand the youth's unconventional verbal behavior. Participants were 1 adolescent with autistic disorder (15 years old) and 1 adult. The adult's utterances and protocols for interactions with the youth were analyzed. The results indicated that 2 categories of the adult's utterances (those aiming at turn-taking, and monitoring) obtained responses from the youth at a high rate. Both of these categories proactively used the youth's unconventional verbal behavior. Stages in the process by which the adult understood the unconventional verbal behavior were: (1) finding meaning in the verbal behavior, (2) using understanding as a communicative strategy, and (3) using the unconventional verbal behavior positively. These results suggest the importance of adults uncovering the communicative intent of unconventional verbal behavior.
Translated title of the contributionAdult Utterances Toward an Adolescent With Autistic Disorder: Understanding Unconventional Verbal Behavior
Original languageJapanese
Pages (from-to)243-254
Number of pages12
Journal特殊教育学研究 = The Japanese journal of special education
Volume45
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008

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