Early detection and removal of adenomatous polyps reduces colorectal cancer death. However, many studies have reported that up to 20% of adenomas can be missed during colonoscopy. To improve visualization and reduce the blind spot of the colonic mucosa for an increase in the adenoma detection rate, many endoscopic techniques and technologies have been developed. The benefit of the high-definition endoscope for improving adenoma and polyp detection is marginal. Wide-angle colonoscope has failed to improve adenoma detection compared to standard colonoscopy. Although the cap-assisted colonoscope can reduce cecal intubation times, it does not seem to improve adenoma and polyp detection. The diagnostic accuracy of the colon capsule endoscope is low compared to the conventional colonoscope. Third Eye® retroscope®, which provides additional retrograde viewing, has revealed significant improvement in adenoma and polyp detection compared to standard colonoscopy. However, this device increases procedural times. Recently developed full-spectrum endoscopy colonoscope and extra-wide-angle-view colonoscope have demonstrated a significantly lower miss rate of polyps. However, clinical trials are mandatory to determine the efficacy of these novel technologies for cancer screening. In addition, education and training for these novel techniques and technologies should seriously be considered to improve adenoma and polyp detection.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging