Adverse influence of pre-stroke dementia on short-term functional outcomes in patients with acute ischemic stroke

The Fukuoka stroke registry

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Dementia and stroke are major causes of disability in the elderly. However, the association between pre-stroke dementia and functional outcome after stoke remains unresolved. We aimed to determine this association in patients with acute ischemic stroke. Methods: Among patients registered in the Fukuoka Stroke Registry from June 2007 to May 2015, 4,237 patients with ischemic stroke within 24 h of onset, who were functionally independent before the onset, were enrolled in this study. Pre-stroke dementia was defined as any type of dementia that was present prior to the index stroke. Primary and secondary study outcomes were poor functional outcome (modified Rankin Scale 3-6) at 3 months after the stroke onset and neurological deterioration (≥2-point increases on the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score during hospitalization), respectively. For propensity score (PS)-matched cohort study to control confounding variables for pre-stroke dementia, 318 pairs of patients with and without pre-stroke dementia were also selected on the basis of 1:1 matching. Multivariable logistic regression models and conditional logistic regression analysis were used to quantify associations between pre-stroke dementia and study outcomes. Results: Of all 4,237 participants, 347 (8.2%) had pre-stroke dementia. The frequencies of neurological deterioration and poor functional outcome were significantly higher in patients with pre-stroke dementia than in those without pre-stroke dementia (neurological deterioration, 16.1 vs. 7.1%, p < 0.01; poor functional outcome, 63.7 vs. 27.1%, p < 0.01). Multivariable analysis showed that pre-stroke dementia was significantly associated with neurological deterioration (OR 1.67; 95% CI 1.14-2.41; p < 0.01) and poor functional outcome (OR 2.91; 95% CI 2.17-3.91; p < 0.01). In the PS-matched cohort study, the same trends were observed between the pre-stroke dementia and neurological deterioration (OR 2.60; 95% CI 1.17-5.78; p < 0.01) and between the dementia and poor functional outcome (OR 3.62; 95% CI 1.89-6.95; p < 0.01). Conclusions: Pre-stroke dementia was significantly associated with higher risks for poor functional outcome at 3 months after stroke onset as well as for neurological deterioration during hospitalization in patients with acute ischemic stroke.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)82-89
Number of pages8
JournalCerebrovascular Diseases
Volume43
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2017

Fingerprint

Dementia
Registries
Stroke
Propensity Score
Logistic Models
Hospitalization
Cohort Studies
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Confounding Factors (Epidemiology)
National Institutes of Health (U.S.)

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

@article{2e335b8d09674bafae5ce3847b8d49b8,
title = "Adverse influence of pre-stroke dementia on short-term functional outcomes in patients with acute ischemic stroke: The Fukuoka stroke registry",
abstract = "Background: Dementia and stroke are major causes of disability in the elderly. However, the association between pre-stroke dementia and functional outcome after stoke remains unresolved. We aimed to determine this association in patients with acute ischemic stroke. Methods: Among patients registered in the Fukuoka Stroke Registry from June 2007 to May 2015, 4,237 patients with ischemic stroke within 24 h of onset, who were functionally independent before the onset, were enrolled in this study. Pre-stroke dementia was defined as any type of dementia that was present prior to the index stroke. Primary and secondary study outcomes were poor functional outcome (modified Rankin Scale 3-6) at 3 months after the stroke onset and neurological deterioration (≥2-point increases on the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score during hospitalization), respectively. For propensity score (PS)-matched cohort study to control confounding variables for pre-stroke dementia, 318 pairs of patients with and without pre-stroke dementia were also selected on the basis of 1:1 matching. Multivariable logistic regression models and conditional logistic regression analysis were used to quantify associations between pre-stroke dementia and study outcomes. Results: Of all 4,237 participants, 347 (8.2{\%}) had pre-stroke dementia. The frequencies of neurological deterioration and poor functional outcome were significantly higher in patients with pre-stroke dementia than in those without pre-stroke dementia (neurological deterioration, 16.1 vs. 7.1{\%}, p < 0.01; poor functional outcome, 63.7 vs. 27.1{\%}, p < 0.01). Multivariable analysis showed that pre-stroke dementia was significantly associated with neurological deterioration (OR 1.67; 95{\%} CI 1.14-2.41; p < 0.01) and poor functional outcome (OR 2.91; 95{\%} CI 2.17-3.91; p < 0.01). In the PS-matched cohort study, the same trends were observed between the pre-stroke dementia and neurological deterioration (OR 2.60; 95{\%} CI 1.17-5.78; p < 0.01) and between the dementia and poor functional outcome (OR 3.62; 95{\%} CI 1.89-6.95; p < 0.01). Conclusions: Pre-stroke dementia was significantly associated with higher risks for poor functional outcome at 3 months after stroke onset as well as for neurological deterioration during hospitalization in patients with acute ischemic stroke.",
author = "Yoshinobu Wakisaka and ryu matsuo and Jun Hata and Junya Kuroda and Takanari Kitazono and Masahiro Kamouchi and Tetsuro Ago",
year = "2017",
month = "2",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1159/000453625",
language = "English",
volume = "43",
pages = "82--89",
journal = "Cerebrovascular Diseases",
issn = "1015-9770",
publisher = "S. Karger AG",
number = "1-2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Adverse influence of pre-stroke dementia on short-term functional outcomes in patients with acute ischemic stroke

T2 - The Fukuoka stroke registry

AU - Wakisaka, Yoshinobu

AU - matsuo, ryu

AU - Hata, Jun

AU - Kuroda, Junya

AU - Kitazono, Takanari

AU - Kamouchi, Masahiro

AU - Ago, Tetsuro

PY - 2017/2/1

Y1 - 2017/2/1

N2 - Background: Dementia and stroke are major causes of disability in the elderly. However, the association between pre-stroke dementia and functional outcome after stoke remains unresolved. We aimed to determine this association in patients with acute ischemic stroke. Methods: Among patients registered in the Fukuoka Stroke Registry from June 2007 to May 2015, 4,237 patients with ischemic stroke within 24 h of onset, who were functionally independent before the onset, were enrolled in this study. Pre-stroke dementia was defined as any type of dementia that was present prior to the index stroke. Primary and secondary study outcomes were poor functional outcome (modified Rankin Scale 3-6) at 3 months after the stroke onset and neurological deterioration (≥2-point increases on the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score during hospitalization), respectively. For propensity score (PS)-matched cohort study to control confounding variables for pre-stroke dementia, 318 pairs of patients with and without pre-stroke dementia were also selected on the basis of 1:1 matching. Multivariable logistic regression models and conditional logistic regression analysis were used to quantify associations between pre-stroke dementia and study outcomes. Results: Of all 4,237 participants, 347 (8.2%) had pre-stroke dementia. The frequencies of neurological deterioration and poor functional outcome were significantly higher in patients with pre-stroke dementia than in those without pre-stroke dementia (neurological deterioration, 16.1 vs. 7.1%, p < 0.01; poor functional outcome, 63.7 vs. 27.1%, p < 0.01). Multivariable analysis showed that pre-stroke dementia was significantly associated with neurological deterioration (OR 1.67; 95% CI 1.14-2.41; p < 0.01) and poor functional outcome (OR 2.91; 95% CI 2.17-3.91; p < 0.01). In the PS-matched cohort study, the same trends were observed between the pre-stroke dementia and neurological deterioration (OR 2.60; 95% CI 1.17-5.78; p < 0.01) and between the dementia and poor functional outcome (OR 3.62; 95% CI 1.89-6.95; p < 0.01). Conclusions: Pre-stroke dementia was significantly associated with higher risks for poor functional outcome at 3 months after stroke onset as well as for neurological deterioration during hospitalization in patients with acute ischemic stroke.

AB - Background: Dementia and stroke are major causes of disability in the elderly. However, the association between pre-stroke dementia and functional outcome after stoke remains unresolved. We aimed to determine this association in patients with acute ischemic stroke. Methods: Among patients registered in the Fukuoka Stroke Registry from June 2007 to May 2015, 4,237 patients with ischemic stroke within 24 h of onset, who were functionally independent before the onset, were enrolled in this study. Pre-stroke dementia was defined as any type of dementia that was present prior to the index stroke. Primary and secondary study outcomes were poor functional outcome (modified Rankin Scale 3-6) at 3 months after the stroke onset and neurological deterioration (≥2-point increases on the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score during hospitalization), respectively. For propensity score (PS)-matched cohort study to control confounding variables for pre-stroke dementia, 318 pairs of patients with and without pre-stroke dementia were also selected on the basis of 1:1 matching. Multivariable logistic regression models and conditional logistic regression analysis were used to quantify associations between pre-stroke dementia and study outcomes. Results: Of all 4,237 participants, 347 (8.2%) had pre-stroke dementia. The frequencies of neurological deterioration and poor functional outcome were significantly higher in patients with pre-stroke dementia than in those without pre-stroke dementia (neurological deterioration, 16.1 vs. 7.1%, p < 0.01; poor functional outcome, 63.7 vs. 27.1%, p < 0.01). Multivariable analysis showed that pre-stroke dementia was significantly associated with neurological deterioration (OR 1.67; 95% CI 1.14-2.41; p < 0.01) and poor functional outcome (OR 2.91; 95% CI 2.17-3.91; p < 0.01). In the PS-matched cohort study, the same trends were observed between the pre-stroke dementia and neurological deterioration (OR 2.60; 95% CI 1.17-5.78; p < 0.01) and between the dementia and poor functional outcome (OR 3.62; 95% CI 1.89-6.95; p < 0.01). Conclusions: Pre-stroke dementia was significantly associated with higher risks for poor functional outcome at 3 months after stroke onset as well as for neurological deterioration during hospitalization in patients with acute ischemic stroke.

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U2 - 10.1159/000453625

DO - 10.1159/000453625

M3 - Article

VL - 43

SP - 82

EP - 89

JO - Cerebrovascular Diseases

JF - Cerebrovascular Diseases

SN - 1015-9770

IS - 1-2

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