Aerosol anthropogenic component estimated from satellite data

Yoram J. Kaufman, O. Boucher, D. Tanré, M. Chin, L. A. Remer, T. Takemura

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    190 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Satellite instruments do not measure the aerosol chemical composition needed to discriminate anthropogenic from natural aerosol components. However the ability of new satellite instruments to distinguish fine (submicron) from coarse (supermicron) aerosols over the oceans, serves as a signature of the anthropogenic component and can be used to estimate the fraction of anthropogenic aerosols with an uncertainty of ±30%. Application to two years of global MODIS data shows that 21 ± 7% of the aerosol optical thickness over the oceans has an anthropogenic origin. We found that three chemical transport models, used for global estimates of the aerosol forcing of climate, calculate a global average anthropogenic optical thickness over the ocean between 0.030 and 0.036, in line with the present MODIS assessment of 0.033. This increases our confidence in model assessments of the aerosol direct forcing of climate. The MODIS estimated aerosol forcing over cloud free oceans is therefore -1.4 ± 0.4 W/m2.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article numberL17804
    Pages (from-to)1-4
    Number of pages4
    JournalGeophysical Research Letters
    Volume32
    Issue number17
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Sep 16 2005

    All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

    • Geophysics
    • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

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