Affluent countries inflict inequitable mortality and economic loss on Asia via PM2.5 emissions

Keisuke Nansai, Susumu Tohno, Satoru Chatani, Keiichiro Kanemoto, Midori Kurogi, Yuta Fujii, Shigemi Kagawa, Yasushi Kondo, Fumiya Nagashima, Wataru Takayanagi, Manfred Lenzen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This research sets out to quantify the mortality and economic loss in individual Asian countries caused by the PM2.5 emissions induced by the consumption of the world's five highest-consuming countries (US, China, Japan, Germany, UK). In 2010 alone, the economic impact of these five countries’ consumption caused a loss of almost 45 billion US dollars due to the premature deaths of more than 1 million people in Asia, including 15 thousand children younger than 5 years old. The percentage ratio of economic loss to value-added driven by consumers via trade differed greatly among the impacted countries. For the US, the highest percentage loss was 4.1% in Laos, followed by 2.0% in Bangladesh, both markedly higher than the figures for the more developed countries, such as 0.21% for Japan and 0.18% for Korea. This reflects the inequitable value chain existing between consumer countries and impacted countries, and implies that developing countries are obtaining value-added in exchange for unintentionally increased health risks, delaying their development and potentially creating a vicious circle that hinders much-needed improvements in areas like poverty reduction and public health. This inequitable situation needs to be redressed through introduction of clean energy and other types of technological assistance to help achieve United Nations Sustainable Development Goals 7, 10 and 13. Such as move is essential if premature infant deaths are to be curtailed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number105238
JournalEnvironment International
Volume134
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2020

Fingerprint

mortality
economics
United Nations
economic impact
health risk
public health
poverty
sustainable development
developing world
loss
Asia
energy
consumption
infant
young
developed country
world

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Science(all)

Cite this

Nansai, K., Tohno, S., Chatani, S., Kanemoto, K., Kurogi, M., Fujii, Y., ... Lenzen, M. (2020). Affluent countries inflict inequitable mortality and economic loss on Asia via PM2.5 emissions. Environment International, 134, [105238]. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2019.105238

Affluent countries inflict inequitable mortality and economic loss on Asia via PM2.5 emissions. / Nansai, Keisuke; Tohno, Susumu; Chatani, Satoru; Kanemoto, Keiichiro; Kurogi, Midori; Fujii, Yuta; Kagawa, Shigemi; Kondo, Yasushi; Nagashima, Fumiya; Takayanagi, Wataru; Lenzen, Manfred.

In: Environment International, Vol. 134, 105238, 01.2020.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Nansai, K, Tohno, S, Chatani, S, Kanemoto, K, Kurogi, M, Fujii, Y, Kagawa, S, Kondo, Y, Nagashima, F, Takayanagi, W & Lenzen, M 2020, 'Affluent countries inflict inequitable mortality and economic loss on Asia via PM2.5 emissions', Environment International, vol. 134, 105238. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2019.105238
Nansai, Keisuke ; Tohno, Susumu ; Chatani, Satoru ; Kanemoto, Keiichiro ; Kurogi, Midori ; Fujii, Yuta ; Kagawa, Shigemi ; Kondo, Yasushi ; Nagashima, Fumiya ; Takayanagi, Wataru ; Lenzen, Manfred. / Affluent countries inflict inequitable mortality and economic loss on Asia via PM2.5 emissions. In: Environment International. 2020 ; Vol. 134.
@article{3bdce47bb6b247939b93c9dfcec255c6,
title = "Affluent countries inflict inequitable mortality and economic loss on Asia via PM2.5 emissions",
abstract = "This research sets out to quantify the mortality and economic loss in individual Asian countries caused by the PM2.5 emissions induced by the consumption of the world's five highest-consuming countries (US, China, Japan, Germany, UK). In 2010 alone, the economic impact of these five countries’ consumption caused a loss of almost 45 billion US dollars due to the premature deaths of more than 1 million people in Asia, including 15 thousand children younger than 5 years old. The percentage ratio of economic loss to value-added driven by consumers via trade differed greatly among the impacted countries. For the US, the highest percentage loss was 4.1{\%} in Laos, followed by 2.0{\%} in Bangladesh, both markedly higher than the figures for the more developed countries, such as 0.21{\%} for Japan and 0.18{\%} for Korea. This reflects the inequitable value chain existing between consumer countries and impacted countries, and implies that developing countries are obtaining value-added in exchange for unintentionally increased health risks, delaying their development and potentially creating a vicious circle that hinders much-needed improvements in areas like poverty reduction and public health. This inequitable situation needs to be redressed through introduction of clean energy and other types of technological assistance to help achieve United Nations Sustainable Development Goals 7, 10 and 13. Such as move is essential if premature infant deaths are to be curtailed.",
author = "Keisuke Nansai and Susumu Tohno and Satoru Chatani and Keiichiro Kanemoto and Midori Kurogi and Yuta Fujii and Shigemi Kagawa and Yasushi Kondo and Fumiya Nagashima and Wataru Takayanagi and Manfred Lenzen",
year = "2020",
month = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.envint.2019.105238",
language = "English",
volume = "134",
journal = "Environmental International",
issn = "0160-4120",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Affluent countries inflict inequitable mortality and economic loss on Asia via PM2.5 emissions

AU - Nansai, Keisuke

AU - Tohno, Susumu

AU - Chatani, Satoru

AU - Kanemoto, Keiichiro

AU - Kurogi, Midori

AU - Fujii, Yuta

AU - Kagawa, Shigemi

AU - Kondo, Yasushi

AU - Nagashima, Fumiya

AU - Takayanagi, Wataru

AU - Lenzen, Manfred

PY - 2020/1

Y1 - 2020/1

N2 - This research sets out to quantify the mortality and economic loss in individual Asian countries caused by the PM2.5 emissions induced by the consumption of the world's five highest-consuming countries (US, China, Japan, Germany, UK). In 2010 alone, the economic impact of these five countries’ consumption caused a loss of almost 45 billion US dollars due to the premature deaths of more than 1 million people in Asia, including 15 thousand children younger than 5 years old. The percentage ratio of economic loss to value-added driven by consumers via trade differed greatly among the impacted countries. For the US, the highest percentage loss was 4.1% in Laos, followed by 2.0% in Bangladesh, both markedly higher than the figures for the more developed countries, such as 0.21% for Japan and 0.18% for Korea. This reflects the inequitable value chain existing between consumer countries and impacted countries, and implies that developing countries are obtaining value-added in exchange for unintentionally increased health risks, delaying their development and potentially creating a vicious circle that hinders much-needed improvements in areas like poverty reduction and public health. This inequitable situation needs to be redressed through introduction of clean energy and other types of technological assistance to help achieve United Nations Sustainable Development Goals 7, 10 and 13. Such as move is essential if premature infant deaths are to be curtailed.

AB - This research sets out to quantify the mortality and economic loss in individual Asian countries caused by the PM2.5 emissions induced by the consumption of the world's five highest-consuming countries (US, China, Japan, Germany, UK). In 2010 alone, the economic impact of these five countries’ consumption caused a loss of almost 45 billion US dollars due to the premature deaths of more than 1 million people in Asia, including 15 thousand children younger than 5 years old. The percentage ratio of economic loss to value-added driven by consumers via trade differed greatly among the impacted countries. For the US, the highest percentage loss was 4.1% in Laos, followed by 2.0% in Bangladesh, both markedly higher than the figures for the more developed countries, such as 0.21% for Japan and 0.18% for Korea. This reflects the inequitable value chain existing between consumer countries and impacted countries, and implies that developing countries are obtaining value-added in exchange for unintentionally increased health risks, delaying their development and potentially creating a vicious circle that hinders much-needed improvements in areas like poverty reduction and public health. This inequitable situation needs to be redressed through introduction of clean energy and other types of technological assistance to help achieve United Nations Sustainable Development Goals 7, 10 and 13. Such as move is essential if premature infant deaths are to be curtailed.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85074503128&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85074503128&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.envint.2019.105238

DO - 10.1016/j.envint.2019.105238

M3 - Article

C2 - 31704567

AN - SCOPUS:85074503128

VL - 134

JO - Environmental International

JF - Environmental International

SN - 0160-4120

M1 - 105238

ER -