Motor activity is a key component in many behavioral tests. To assess the relationship between aging and activity, we recorded motor activity for 72 consecutive hours for C57BL/6J (B6J), BALB/c, AKR/J, senescence-accelerated mouse prone 6 (SAMP6), and senescence-accelerated mouse resistant 1 (SAMR1) strains at the ages of 6 and 12 months. Further, to examine whether the dopamine receptor 1 (D1) signaling system is associated with the age-related alteration of activity, we evaluated the motor activity of the mice treated with SKF82958 (6-chloro-7,8-dihydroxy-3-allyl-1-phenyl-2,3,4,5-tetrahydro-1-phenyl-1H-3-benzazepine hydrobromide), a D1 agonist. Twelve-month-old B6J showed higher activity on day 1 and higher D1 sensitivity than 6-month-old mice. Twelve-month-old BALB/c showed higher activity on day 3 and a slightly lower threshold of D1 than 6-month-old mice. Twelve-month-old AKR/J, SAMR1 and SAMP6 strains showed lower motor activity than 6-month-old mice. The D1 sensitivities in 12-month-old AKR/J and SAMR1 were similar to those of corresponding 6-month-old mice, whereas the D1 sensitivity of 12-month-old SAMP6 was significantly lower than that of 6-month-old SAMP6. SKF82958 significantly increased the motor activity of 6-month-old SAMP6 compared with age-matched, AKR/J and SAMR1. Our results indicate that D1 contributes substantially to the age-related increase of activity in B6J, but not to that in BALB/c. In AKR/J, SAMR1, and SAMP6, an age-related decrease of activity was observed. The contribution of D1 to this appeared to be small in AKR/J and SAMR1, but substantial in SAMP6. Thus, the contribution of D1 to age-related changes of motor activity is strongly strain-dependent.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Clinical Neurology
- Developmental Biology