Chronic systemic inflammation induces age-dependent differential phenotypic changes in microglia and astrocytes, yielding an anti-inflammatory cell phenotype in young rats and a proinflammatory cell phenotype in middle-aged rats. These observations prompted further investigation of the functional outcomes of the resultant differential microglial phenotypic changes. The present study examined the effects of age-dependent differential microglial phenotypic changes following chronic systemic inflammation on the formation of the post-tetanic potentiation (PTP) and long-term potentiation (LTP) in the hippocampus. Microglia formed a proinflammatory cell phenotype to express ED1 and interleukin-1β (IL-1β) in the hippocampal CA1 region of middle-aged rats, but not in young rats following the establishment of adjuvant arthritis (AA). Furthermore, AA induced deficits in the formation of LTP in the Schaffer collateral-CA1 synapses of middle-aged rats, but not in young rats. On the other hand, the formation of PTP was impaired in both young and middle-aged AA rats. Minocycline, a known inhibitor of microglial activation, was systemically administered to middle-aged AA rats significantly restoring the mean magnitudes of both PTP and LTP. The mean expression levels of ED1 and IL-1β were significantly suppressed. These observations strongly suggest that chronic systemic inflammation induces deficits in the hippocampal LTP in middle-aged rats through neuroinflammation mainly induced by microglia.
|Number of pages||10|
|Publication status||Published - Aug 2 2012|
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