Highly luminescent donor-acceptor molecules based on a phenothiazine donor unit coupled with a xanthone or benzophenone acceptor unit were developed for use in organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs). While both molecules are almost non-luminescent in pure tetrahydrofuran (THF) solution, a strong yellow delayed fluorescence was observed upon their aggregation in THF/water mixtures or in neat films. This result demonstrates the unique aggregation-induced delayed fluorescence (AIDF) characteristics of these molecules. OLEDs using these AIDF materials as a non-doped emission layer achieved high external electroluminescence quantum efficiencies of up to 11%, which exceeds the theoretical maximum for conventional fluorescent OLEDs.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Polymers and Plastics
- Materials Chemistry