From the immunological point of view, macrophages are required to maintain metabolic homeostasis. Recently, there has been an increased focus on the influence of macrophage phenotypes in adipose tissue on the maintenance of metabolic homeostasis in healthy conditions because dysregulated metabolic homeostasis causes metabolic syndrome. This review notes several types of inflammatory and anti-inflammatory mediators in metabolic homeostasis. M1 macrophage polarization mediates inflammation, whereas M2 macrophage polarization mediates anti-inflammation. Fatty acids and their related factors mediate both inflammatory and anti-inflammatory responses. Saturated fatty acids and polyunsaturated fatty acids mediate inflammation, whereas marine-derived n-3 fatty acids, such as eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid, mediate anti-inflammation. In this review, we discuss the current understanding of the crosstalk between fatty acids and inflammation in macrophages and their influence on metabolic homeostasis.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience