Air-sea coupled modes on intraseasonal and interannual time scales over the tropical western Pacific

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Dominant phase relationships between sea surface temperature (SST), high cloud cover (HCC), and zonal wind at 850 mbar on intraseasonal and interannual time scales in the warm pool region of the western Pacific are examined. An intraseasonal mode and an interannual mode, are statistically extracted. It is found that in the intraseasonal mode the area of maximum SST anomaly lies to the east of the center of the active large-scale convection area and therefore positive SST anomalies exist at the easterly anomaly area. The interannual mode has a characteristic that the phase relation of 850 mbar zonal wind (u) is different in each region of the tropical western Pacific, whereas the SST is almost in phase with HCC. The predominant growth of the mode defined in the key region (0°-10°N, 130°-160°E) corresponds to the life cycle that occurs when the El Nino/Southern Oscillation (ENSO) begins, develops, and decays. -from Author

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3165-3172
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research
Volume96
Issue numberD Suppl.
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1991
Externally publishedYes

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coupled modes
sea surface temperature
surface temperature
timescale
air
zonal wind
Air
cloud cover
temperature anomaly
anomalies
Temperature
warm pool
El Nino
Southern Oscillation
el Nino
El Nino-Southern Oscillation
Life cycle
tropics
life cycle
convection

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geophysics
  • Forestry
  • Oceanography
  • Aquatic Science
  • Ecology
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Soil Science
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Earth-Surface Processes
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Palaeontology

Cite this

Air-sea coupled modes on intraseasonal and interannual time scales over the tropical western Pacific. / Kawamura, Ryuichi.

In: Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 96, No. D Suppl., 01.01.1991, p. 3165-3172.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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