Algorithms to retrieve optical properties of three component aerosols from two-wavelength backscatter and one-wavelength polarization lidar measurements considering nonsphericity of dust

Tomoaki Nishizawa, Nobuo Sugimoto, Ichiro Matsui, Atsushi Shimizu, Hajime Okamoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We developed backward and forward types of algorithms for estimating the vertical profiles of extinction coefficients at 532. nm for three component aerosols (water-soluble, dust, and sea salt) using three-channel Mie-scattering lidar data of the backscatter (Β) at 532 and 1064. nm and the depolarization ratio (δ) at 532. nm. While the water-soluble and sea-salt particles were reasonably assumed to be spherical, the dust particles were treated as randomly oriented spheroids to account for their nonsphericity. The introduction of spheroid models enabled us to more effectively use the three-channel data (i.e., 2 Β+1 δ data) and to reduce the uncertainties caused by the assumption of spherical dust particles in our previously developed algorithms. We also performed an extensive sensitivity study to estimate retrieval errors, which showed that the errors in the extinction coefficient for each aerosol component were smaller than 30% (60%) for the backward (forward) algorithm when the measurement errors were ±5%. We demonstrated the ability of the algorithms to partition aerosol layers consisting of three aerosol components by applying them to shipborne lidar data. Comparisons with sky radiometer measurements revealed that the retrieved optical thickness and angstrom exponent of aerosols using the algorithms developed in this paper agreed well with the sky radiometer measurements (within 6%).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)254-267
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer
Volume112
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2011
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Radiation
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Spectroscopy

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