Alkylthio- and alkyl-substituted asymmetric diphenyldiacetylene-based liquid crystals: phase transitions, mesophase and single-crystal structures, and birefringence

Yuki Arakawa, Satoyoshi Inui, Kazunobu Igawa, Hideto Tsuji

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Abstract

Asymmetric diphenyldiacetylenes (DPDAs) bearing a fixed hexylthio group and different alkyl groups with carbon numbers (n) of 0–8 and 12 at each termini (or 4- and 4ʹ- positions), abbreviated as 6S–DPDA–n, were synthesised and their phase transition behaviour and birefringence were evaluated. It was found that alkyl-unsubstituted and methyl-substituted analogues (6S–DPDA–0 and 6S–DPDA–1, respectively) do not show any mesophases, whereas 6S–DPDA–n (n ≥ 2) form enantiotropic liquid crystal phases. Wherein, the nematic (N) phase for 6S–DPDA–4 is supercooled to room temperature, and 6S–DPDA–12 forms not only N phase but also highly ordered mesophase under room temperature. In light of the fact that symmetrically alkylthio-possessing 6S–DPDA–S6, 6S–DPDA–0 and 6S–DPDA–1 are not mesogenic, the present results strongly suggest that an alkyl group opposite to an alkylthio group plays a vital role to induce mesophases. Single-crystal X-ray analysis revealed anti-parallel packed molecules in the lattice. 6S–DPDA–7 have higher birefringence than 7–DPDA–7 being the symmetric alkyl counterpart, over the entire range of each N phase, which is supported by the enhanced polarisabilities based on density functional theory calculation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1621-1630
Number of pages10
JournalLiquid Crystals
Volume46
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2 2019

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Liquid Crystals
Birefringence
Liquid crystals
birefringence
Bearings (structural)
Crystal structure
Phase transitions
liquid crystals
Single crystals
crystal structure
single crystals
X ray analysis
Density functional theory
Carbon
Temperature
Molecules
room temperature
analogs
density functional theory
carbon

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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Alkylthio- and alkyl-substituted asymmetric diphenyldiacetylene-based liquid crystals : phase transitions, mesophase and single-crystal structures, and birefringence. / Arakawa, Yuki; Inui, Satoyoshi; Igawa, Kazunobu; Tsuji, Hideto.

In: Liquid Crystals, Vol. 46, No. 11, 02.09.2019, p. 1621-1630.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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