Alkylthio- and alkyl-substituted asymmetric diphenyldiacetylene-based liquid crystals

phase transitions, mesophase and single-crystal structures, and birefringence

Yuki Arakawa, Satoyoshi Inui, Kazunobu Igawa, Hideto Tsuji

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Asymmetric diphenyldiacetylenes (DPDAs) bearing a fixed hexylthio group and different alkyl groups with carbon numbers (n) of 0–8 and 12 at each termini (or 4- and 4ʹ- positions), abbreviated as 6S–DPDA–n, were synthesised and their phase transition behaviour and birefringence were evaluated. It was found that alkyl-unsubstituted and methyl-substituted analogues (6S–DPDA–0 and 6S–DPDA–1, respectively) do not show any mesophases, whereas 6S–DPDA–n (n ≥ 2) form enantiotropic liquid crystal phases. Wherein, the nematic (N) phase for 6S–DPDA–4 is supercooled to room temperature, and 6S–DPDA–12 forms not only N phase but also highly ordered mesophase under room temperature. In light of the fact that symmetrically alkylthio-possessing 6S–DPDA–S6, 6S–DPDA–0 and 6S–DPDA–1 are not mesogenic, the present results strongly suggest that an alkyl group opposite to an alkylthio group plays a vital role to induce mesophases. Single-crystal X-ray analysis revealed anti-parallel packed molecules in the lattice. 6S–DPDA–7 have higher birefringence than 7–DPDA–7 being the symmetric alkyl counterpart, over the entire range of each N phase, which is supported by the enhanced polarisabilities based on density functional theory calculation.

Original languageEnglish
JournalLiquid Crystals
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2019

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Liquid Crystals
Birefringence
Liquid crystals
birefringence
Bearings (structural)
Crystal structure
Phase transitions
liquid crystals
Single crystals
crystal structure
single crystals
X ray analysis
Density functional theory
Carbon
Temperature
Molecules
room temperature
analogs
density functional theory
carbon

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

@article{dfec4a25ed394d93853c89e9f9e80d4c,
title = "Alkylthio- and alkyl-substituted asymmetric diphenyldiacetylene-based liquid crystals: phase transitions, mesophase and single-crystal structures, and birefringence",
abstract = "Asymmetric diphenyldiacetylenes (DPDAs) bearing a fixed hexylthio group and different alkyl groups with carbon numbers (n) of 0–8 and 12 at each termini (or 4- and 4ʹ- positions), abbreviated as 6S–DPDA–n, were synthesised and their phase transition behaviour and birefringence were evaluated. It was found that alkyl-unsubstituted and methyl-substituted analogues (6S–DPDA–0 and 6S–DPDA–1, respectively) do not show any mesophases, whereas 6S–DPDA–n (n ≥ 2) form enantiotropic liquid crystal phases. Wherein, the nematic (N) phase for 6S–DPDA–4 is supercooled to room temperature, and 6S–DPDA–12 forms not only N phase but also highly ordered mesophase under room temperature. In light of the fact that symmetrically alkylthio-possessing 6S–DPDA–S6, 6S–DPDA–0 and 6S–DPDA–1 are not mesogenic, the present results strongly suggest that an alkyl group opposite to an alkylthio group plays a vital role to induce mesophases. Single-crystal X-ray analysis revealed anti-parallel packed molecules in the lattice. 6S–DPDA–7 have higher birefringence than 7–DPDA–7 being the symmetric alkyl counterpart, over the entire range of each N phase, which is supported by the enhanced polarisabilities based on density functional theory calculation.",
author = "Yuki Arakawa and Satoyoshi Inui and Kazunobu Igawa and Hideto Tsuji",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1080/02678292.2019.1590744",
language = "English",
journal = "Liquid Crystals",
issn = "0267-8292",
publisher = "Taylor and Francis Ltd.",

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Alkylthio- and alkyl-substituted asymmetric diphenyldiacetylene-based liquid crystals

T2 - phase transitions, mesophase and single-crystal structures, and birefringence

AU - Arakawa, Yuki

AU - Inui, Satoyoshi

AU - Igawa, Kazunobu

AU - Tsuji, Hideto

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - Asymmetric diphenyldiacetylenes (DPDAs) bearing a fixed hexylthio group and different alkyl groups with carbon numbers (n) of 0–8 and 12 at each termini (or 4- and 4ʹ- positions), abbreviated as 6S–DPDA–n, were synthesised and their phase transition behaviour and birefringence were evaluated. It was found that alkyl-unsubstituted and methyl-substituted analogues (6S–DPDA–0 and 6S–DPDA–1, respectively) do not show any mesophases, whereas 6S–DPDA–n (n ≥ 2) form enantiotropic liquid crystal phases. Wherein, the nematic (N) phase for 6S–DPDA–4 is supercooled to room temperature, and 6S–DPDA–12 forms not only N phase but also highly ordered mesophase under room temperature. In light of the fact that symmetrically alkylthio-possessing 6S–DPDA–S6, 6S–DPDA–0 and 6S–DPDA–1 are not mesogenic, the present results strongly suggest that an alkyl group opposite to an alkylthio group plays a vital role to induce mesophases. Single-crystal X-ray analysis revealed anti-parallel packed molecules in the lattice. 6S–DPDA–7 have higher birefringence than 7–DPDA–7 being the symmetric alkyl counterpart, over the entire range of each N phase, which is supported by the enhanced polarisabilities based on density functional theory calculation.

AB - Asymmetric diphenyldiacetylenes (DPDAs) bearing a fixed hexylthio group and different alkyl groups with carbon numbers (n) of 0–8 and 12 at each termini (or 4- and 4ʹ- positions), abbreviated as 6S–DPDA–n, were synthesised and their phase transition behaviour and birefringence were evaluated. It was found that alkyl-unsubstituted and methyl-substituted analogues (6S–DPDA–0 and 6S–DPDA–1, respectively) do not show any mesophases, whereas 6S–DPDA–n (n ≥ 2) form enantiotropic liquid crystal phases. Wherein, the nematic (N) phase for 6S–DPDA–4 is supercooled to room temperature, and 6S–DPDA–12 forms not only N phase but also highly ordered mesophase under room temperature. In light of the fact that symmetrically alkylthio-possessing 6S–DPDA–S6, 6S–DPDA–0 and 6S–DPDA–1 are not mesogenic, the present results strongly suggest that an alkyl group opposite to an alkylthio group plays a vital role to induce mesophases. Single-crystal X-ray analysis revealed anti-parallel packed molecules in the lattice. 6S–DPDA–7 have higher birefringence than 7–DPDA–7 being the symmetric alkyl counterpart, over the entire range of each N phase, which is supported by the enhanced polarisabilities based on density functional theory calculation.

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