ALMA CO Observations of the Mixed-morphology Supernova Remnant W49B: Efficient Production of Recombining Plasma and Hadronic Gamma Rays via Shock-Cloud Interactions

H. Sano, S. Yoshiike, Y. Yamane, K. Hayashi, R. Enokiya, K. Tokuda, K. Tachihara, G. Rowell, M. D. Filipović, Y. Fukui

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10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We carried out new CO(J = 2-1) observations toward the mixed-morphology supernova remnant (SNR) W49B with the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array. We found that CO clouds at ∼10 km s-1 show a good spatial correspondence to the synchrotron radio continuum as well as to an X-ray deformed shell. The bulk mass of molecular clouds accounts for the western part of the shell, not the eastern shell, where near-infrared H2 emission is detected. The molecular clouds at ∼10 km s-1 show higher kinetic temperatures of ∼20-60 K, suggesting that modest shock heating occurred. The expanding motion of the clouds with ΔV ∼ 6 km s-1 was formed by strong winds from the progenitor system. We argue that the barrel-like structure of Fe-rich ejecta was possibly formed not only by an asymmetric explosion, but also by interactions with dense molecular clouds. We also found a negative correlation between the CO intensity and the electron temperature of recombining plasma, implying that the origin of the high-temperature recombining plasma in W49B can be understood to be the thermal conduction model. The total energy of accelerated cosmic-ray protons W p is estimated to be ∼2 × 1049 erg by adopting an averaged gas density of ∼650 ± 200 cm-3. The SNR age-W p diagram indicates that W49B shows one of the highest in situ values of W p among gamma-ray-bright SNRs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number123
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume919
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2021
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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