Alteration of proton diffusivity associated with passive muscle extension and contraction

Masamitsu Hatakenaka, Yoshio Matsuo, Taro Setoguchi, Hidetake Yabuuchi, Takashi Okafuji, Takeshi Kamitani, Kei Nishikawa, Hiroshi Honda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

39 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: To determine whether passive muscle extension and contraction affect the proton diffusivity of the muscle. Materials and Methods: Five male subjects were examined. The fractional anisotropy (FA), and primary (λ1), secondary (λ2), and tertiary eigenvalues (λ3) of the right tibialis anterior and medial gastrocnemius muscles were compared between conditions of passive plantar flexion and passive dorsiflexion of the ankle joint. Results: In the tibialis anterior, FA, and λ1 at dorsiflexion decreased significantly (P < 0.01 and P < 0.01, respectively) compared to those at plantar flexion, but λ3 at dorsiflexion increased significantly (P = 0.02). In the gastrocnemius, FA and λ1 at dorsiflexion increased significantly (P < 0.01 and P < 0.01, respectively) compared to those at plantar flexion, but λ3 at dorsiflexion decreased significantly (P < 0.01). The λ2 value showed no significant change in either the tibialis anterior or medial gastrocnemius. Conclusion: The results indicate that passive muscle extension and contraction associated with passive joint movement would affect the proton diffusivity of the muscle. This alteration of proton diffusivity is probably associated with microscopic structural changes of the muscle.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)932-937
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Volume27
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2008

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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