We examined whether the effect of Y-26763, an ATP-sensitive potassium channel opener, on cerebral blood flow is altered in stroke prone spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRSP) and, if altered, whether long-term antihypertensive treatment with cilazapril, an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor, is capable of preventing the change. Cerebral blood flow during intracarotid infusion of Y-26763 was measured in anesthetized SHRSP and normotensive Wistar-Kyoto rats (WKY) as control. Y-26763 increased cerebral blood flow in a dose-dependent manner in WKY, and glibenclamide, a selective inhibitor of ATP-sensitive potassium channels, inhibited the Y-26763-induced increase in cerebral blood flow. In contrast, the response to Y-26763 in SHRSP was significantly impaired compared with that in WKY. Antihypertensive treatment with cilazapril lowered blood pressure toward normal and prevented the impaired response in cerebral blood flow to Y-26763 in SHRSP. These findings suggest that (1) ATP-sensitive potassium channels contribute to the regulation of cerebral blood flow in rats, (2) the response to an ATP- sensitive potassium channel opener is markedly diminished in hypertensive rats, and (3) the altered response to an ATP-sensitive potassium channel opener during chronic hypertension can be prevented by long-term antihypertensive treatment.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Internal Medicine