CD1d is a critical molecule for the presentation of lipid antigens to natural killer (NK) T cells. To investigate the molecular complexity of CD1d, alternatively spliced transcripts in peripheral blood mononuclear cells from three healthy subjects were analyzed by PCR and sequencing methods. We found eight alternatively spliced variants of the CD1D gene (V1-V8), seven of which are newly established variants (V2-V8). V1 and V4 are in-frame; however, the other six variants (V2, V3, V5-V8) are out-of-frame. V1, V2, V4, and V5 lack a β2-microglobulin binding site (α3 domain), indicating the unstable presentation of the CD1d molecule on the surface. In V2 and V5, the transmembrane region is absent, supporting a soluble CD1d. In the V3-V8 variants, the antigen binding region (α1 and α2 domains) is partially defective, suggesting incomplete functional products. In contrast, the V1 and V2 transcripts bear the complete antigen binding site, resulting in functional proteins. Especially, the V2 splicing variant might function as an inhibitory soluble CD1d molecule and regulate the presentation of antigens on APC to NKT cells. (C) 2000 Academic Press.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|Publication status||Published - Sep 16 2000|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology