Brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) is a cardiac hormone produced by the ventricle, and its secretion is markedly increased in heart failure, hypertension, and renal failure. Transgenic mice that overexpress BNP in the liver (BNP-Tg) were recently generated, resulting in low BP. To elucidate the role of BNP in renal pathophysiology, the effect of chronic excess of BNP in transgenic mice on glomerular injury after subtotal nephrectomy induced by resection of the renal poles was examined. After nephrectomy, glomerular cross-sectional areas in control nontransgenic mice markedly increased as compared with those in sham-operated mice (+81 ± 7%), whereas there was only a modest increase in BNP-Tg (+10 ± 6%). Expansion of the mesangial area and increase in the intraglomerular cell number were also inhibited in BNP-Tg. Glomerular expressions of transforming growth factor-β and fibronectin were increased with hypertrophy and were significantly suppressed in BNP-Tg. Furthermore, increases in the urinary albumin excretion and BP were significantly ameliorated in BNP-Tg. Chronic hydralazine treatment in nephrectomized nontransgenic mice failed to inhibit glomerular hypertrophy. These findings indicate that the chronic excess of BNP in mice ameliorates glomerular hypertrophy and mesangial expansion after renal ablation. The results also suggest that the observed effects of natriuretic peptides under reduced renal mass are not due merely to systemic BP reduction and may be therapeutically applicable in various renal diseases.
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Journal of the American Society of Nephrology|
|Publication status||Published - Sep 19 2000|
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