Aminopyrine metabolism by multiple forms of cytochrome P-450 from rat liver microsomes: Simultaneous quantitation of four aminopyrine metabolites by high-performance liquid chromatography

Susumu Imaoka, Kazuhide Inoue, Yoshihiko Funae

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Abstract

Four aminopyrine metabolites generated by hepatic microsomes were simultaneously assayed by high-performance liquid chromatography. The metabolites were 4-monomethylaminoantipyrine (MAA), 4-aminoantipyrine (AA), 3-hydroxymethyl-2-methyl-4-dimethylamino-l-phenyl-3-pyrazoline-5-one (AM-OH), and one unidentified metabolite. MAA was the major metabolite generated by the microsomes; its formation was induced by phenobarbital but not by 3-methylcholanthrene. Female rats had lower N-demethylation activity of aminopyrine than male rats. The production of AA by microsomes was low. The formation of AM-OH was strongly induced by phenobarbital, but treatment with 3-methylcholanthrene reduced its formation. These differences in the microsomal aminopyrine monooxygenase activity are dependent on the relative amounts of the individual cytochrome P-450 isozymes. Therefore, we examined aminopyrine metabolism in a reconstituted system with purified cytochrome P-450s. P-450 UT-2 (P-450h) had high aminopyrine N-demethylation and hydroxylation activities, but P-450 F-2 (P-450i) had low N-demethylation activity and no hydroxylation activity. P-450 PB-4 (P-450b) and P-450 PB-5 (P-450e) had high aminopyrine hydroxylation activity and their N-demethylation activity also was high. The 3-methylcholanthrene-inducible forms P-450 MC-1 (P-450d) and MC-5 (P-450c) had aminopyrine N-demethylation activity but no hydroxylation activity. P-450 UT-4 (RLM2) is a unique form that produced a large amount of the unknown metabolite. P-450 UT-7 had the highest N-demethylation activity. Addition of cytochrome b5 to the reconstituted system enhanced the aminopyrine hydroxylation activities of P-450s UT-1, UT-2, PB-2, and PB-5. Also, the N-demethylation activities of P-450s UT-1, PB-1, PB-2, and MC-1 were increased by cytochrome b5. Metyrapone inhibited the catalytic activities of P-450s PB-4, PB-5, MC-1, and MC-5, and especially those of P-450s UT-4, and UT-7. The kinetics of the four major cytochrome P-450s (P-450 UT-2, UT-4, PB-4, and MC-5) for aminopyrine N-demethylation and hydroxylation activities were studied. P-450s PB-4 and UT-2 had similar Km values (0.50 and 0.62 mm, respectively) in aminopyrine N-demethylation activity. These Km values were similar to the Km of aminopyrine N-demethylase in microsomes from phenobarbital-treated rats. P-450 UT-4 had a higher Km (3.23 mm) than P-450 UT-2 by an order of magnitude. P-450 MC-5 gave the highest Km value for aminopyrine N-demethylation (8.55 mm).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)159-170
Number of pages12
JournalArchives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
Volume265
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 15 1988
Externally publishedYes

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Aminopyrine
High performance liquid chromatography
Liver Microsomes
Metabolites
Metabolism
Liver
Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System
Rats
High Pressure Liquid Chromatography
Hydroxylation
Microsomes
Methylcholanthrene
Ampyrone
Phenobarbital
Cytochromes b5
Cytochromes
Aminopyrine N-Demethylase
Aryl Hydrocarbon Hydroxylases
Metyrapone
Mixed Function Oxygenases

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology

Cite this

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title = "Aminopyrine metabolism by multiple forms of cytochrome P-450 from rat liver microsomes: Simultaneous quantitation of four aminopyrine metabolites by high-performance liquid chromatography",
abstract = "Four aminopyrine metabolites generated by hepatic microsomes were simultaneously assayed by high-performance liquid chromatography. The metabolites were 4-monomethylaminoantipyrine (MAA), 4-aminoantipyrine (AA), 3-hydroxymethyl-2-methyl-4-dimethylamino-l-phenyl-3-pyrazoline-5-one (AM-OH), and one unidentified metabolite. MAA was the major metabolite generated by the microsomes; its formation was induced by phenobarbital but not by 3-methylcholanthrene. Female rats had lower N-demethylation activity of aminopyrine than male rats. The production of AA by microsomes was low. The formation of AM-OH was strongly induced by phenobarbital, but treatment with 3-methylcholanthrene reduced its formation. These differences in the microsomal aminopyrine monooxygenase activity are dependent on the relative amounts of the individual cytochrome P-450 isozymes. Therefore, we examined aminopyrine metabolism in a reconstituted system with purified cytochrome P-450s. P-450 UT-2 (P-450h) had high aminopyrine N-demethylation and hydroxylation activities, but P-450 F-2 (P-450i) had low N-demethylation activity and no hydroxylation activity. P-450 PB-4 (P-450b) and P-450 PB-5 (P-450e) had high aminopyrine hydroxylation activity and their N-demethylation activity also was high. The 3-methylcholanthrene-inducible forms P-450 MC-1 (P-450d) and MC-5 (P-450c) had aminopyrine N-demethylation activity but no hydroxylation activity. P-450 UT-4 (RLM2) is a unique form that produced a large amount of the unknown metabolite. P-450 UT-7 had the highest N-demethylation activity. Addition of cytochrome b5 to the reconstituted system enhanced the aminopyrine hydroxylation activities of P-450s UT-1, UT-2, PB-2, and PB-5. Also, the N-demethylation activities of P-450s UT-1, PB-1, PB-2, and MC-1 were increased by cytochrome b5. Metyrapone inhibited the catalytic activities of P-450s PB-4, PB-5, MC-1, and MC-5, and especially those of P-450s UT-4, and UT-7. The kinetics of the four major cytochrome P-450s (P-450 UT-2, UT-4, PB-4, and MC-5) for aminopyrine N-demethylation and hydroxylation activities were studied. P-450s PB-4 and UT-2 had similar Km values (0.50 and 0.62 mm, respectively) in aminopyrine N-demethylation activity. These Km values were similar to the Km of aminopyrine N-demethylase in microsomes from phenobarbital-treated rats. P-450 UT-4 had a higher Km (3.23 mm) than P-450 UT-2 by an order of magnitude. P-450 MC-5 gave the highest Km value for aminopyrine N-demethylation (8.55 mm).",
author = "Susumu Imaoka and Kazuhide Inoue and Yoshihiko Funae",
year = "1988",
month = "8",
day = "15",
doi = "10.1016/0003-9861(88)90381-5",
language = "English",
volume = "265",
pages = "159--170",
journal = "Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics",
issn = "0003-9861",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Aminopyrine metabolism by multiple forms of cytochrome P-450 from rat liver microsomes

T2 - Simultaneous quantitation of four aminopyrine metabolites by high-performance liquid chromatography

AU - Imaoka, Susumu

AU - Inoue, Kazuhide

AU - Funae, Yoshihiko

PY - 1988/8/15

Y1 - 1988/8/15

N2 - Four aminopyrine metabolites generated by hepatic microsomes were simultaneously assayed by high-performance liquid chromatography. The metabolites were 4-monomethylaminoantipyrine (MAA), 4-aminoantipyrine (AA), 3-hydroxymethyl-2-methyl-4-dimethylamino-l-phenyl-3-pyrazoline-5-one (AM-OH), and one unidentified metabolite. MAA was the major metabolite generated by the microsomes; its formation was induced by phenobarbital but not by 3-methylcholanthrene. Female rats had lower N-demethylation activity of aminopyrine than male rats. The production of AA by microsomes was low. The formation of AM-OH was strongly induced by phenobarbital, but treatment with 3-methylcholanthrene reduced its formation. These differences in the microsomal aminopyrine monooxygenase activity are dependent on the relative amounts of the individual cytochrome P-450 isozymes. Therefore, we examined aminopyrine metabolism in a reconstituted system with purified cytochrome P-450s. P-450 UT-2 (P-450h) had high aminopyrine N-demethylation and hydroxylation activities, but P-450 F-2 (P-450i) had low N-demethylation activity and no hydroxylation activity. P-450 PB-4 (P-450b) and P-450 PB-5 (P-450e) had high aminopyrine hydroxylation activity and their N-demethylation activity also was high. The 3-methylcholanthrene-inducible forms P-450 MC-1 (P-450d) and MC-5 (P-450c) had aminopyrine N-demethylation activity but no hydroxylation activity. P-450 UT-4 (RLM2) is a unique form that produced a large amount of the unknown metabolite. P-450 UT-7 had the highest N-demethylation activity. Addition of cytochrome b5 to the reconstituted system enhanced the aminopyrine hydroxylation activities of P-450s UT-1, UT-2, PB-2, and PB-5. Also, the N-demethylation activities of P-450s UT-1, PB-1, PB-2, and MC-1 were increased by cytochrome b5. Metyrapone inhibited the catalytic activities of P-450s PB-4, PB-5, MC-1, and MC-5, and especially those of P-450s UT-4, and UT-7. The kinetics of the four major cytochrome P-450s (P-450 UT-2, UT-4, PB-4, and MC-5) for aminopyrine N-demethylation and hydroxylation activities were studied. P-450s PB-4 and UT-2 had similar Km values (0.50 and 0.62 mm, respectively) in aminopyrine N-demethylation activity. These Km values were similar to the Km of aminopyrine N-demethylase in microsomes from phenobarbital-treated rats. P-450 UT-4 had a higher Km (3.23 mm) than P-450 UT-2 by an order of magnitude. P-450 MC-5 gave the highest Km value for aminopyrine N-demethylation (8.55 mm).

AB - Four aminopyrine metabolites generated by hepatic microsomes were simultaneously assayed by high-performance liquid chromatography. The metabolites were 4-monomethylaminoantipyrine (MAA), 4-aminoantipyrine (AA), 3-hydroxymethyl-2-methyl-4-dimethylamino-l-phenyl-3-pyrazoline-5-one (AM-OH), and one unidentified metabolite. MAA was the major metabolite generated by the microsomes; its formation was induced by phenobarbital but not by 3-methylcholanthrene. Female rats had lower N-demethylation activity of aminopyrine than male rats. The production of AA by microsomes was low. The formation of AM-OH was strongly induced by phenobarbital, but treatment with 3-methylcholanthrene reduced its formation. These differences in the microsomal aminopyrine monooxygenase activity are dependent on the relative amounts of the individual cytochrome P-450 isozymes. Therefore, we examined aminopyrine metabolism in a reconstituted system with purified cytochrome P-450s. P-450 UT-2 (P-450h) had high aminopyrine N-demethylation and hydroxylation activities, but P-450 F-2 (P-450i) had low N-demethylation activity and no hydroxylation activity. P-450 PB-4 (P-450b) and P-450 PB-5 (P-450e) had high aminopyrine hydroxylation activity and their N-demethylation activity also was high. The 3-methylcholanthrene-inducible forms P-450 MC-1 (P-450d) and MC-5 (P-450c) had aminopyrine N-demethylation activity but no hydroxylation activity. P-450 UT-4 (RLM2) is a unique form that produced a large amount of the unknown metabolite. P-450 UT-7 had the highest N-demethylation activity. Addition of cytochrome b5 to the reconstituted system enhanced the aminopyrine hydroxylation activities of P-450s UT-1, UT-2, PB-2, and PB-5. Also, the N-demethylation activities of P-450s UT-1, PB-1, PB-2, and MC-1 were increased by cytochrome b5. Metyrapone inhibited the catalytic activities of P-450s PB-4, PB-5, MC-1, and MC-5, and especially those of P-450s UT-4, and UT-7. The kinetics of the four major cytochrome P-450s (P-450 UT-2, UT-4, PB-4, and MC-5) for aminopyrine N-demethylation and hydroxylation activities were studied. P-450s PB-4 and UT-2 had similar Km values (0.50 and 0.62 mm, respectively) in aminopyrine N-demethylation activity. These Km values were similar to the Km of aminopyrine N-demethylase in microsomes from phenobarbital-treated rats. P-450 UT-4 had a higher Km (3.23 mm) than P-450 UT-2 by an order of magnitude. P-450 MC-5 gave the highest Km value for aminopyrine N-demethylation (8.55 mm).

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