Amrubicin is a totally synthetic anthracycline anticancer drug and a potent topoisomerase II inhibitor. Recently, amrubicin was approved in Japan for the treatment of small- and non-small-cell lung cancers (SCLC and NSCLC). Here, we review the efficacy and toxicities of amrubicin monotherapy and amrubicin in combination with cisplatin for extensive-disease SCLC (ED-SCLC), and of amrubicin monotherapy for advanced NSCLC, as observed in the clinical trials. Recommended dosage for previously untreated advanced NCSLC was 45 mg/m 2/day by intravenous administration for 3 days. Dose-limiting toxicities were leucopenia, thrombocytopenia, and gastrointestinal disturbance. Response rate was 27.9% for advanced NSCLC, and 75.8% for ED-SCLC with a median survival time (MST) of 11.7 months. Recommended dosage of amrubicin was 40 mg/m2/day in combination with cisplatin at 60 mg/m2/day, with MST of 13.6 months and 1-year survival rate of 56.1%. In sensitive or refractory relapsed SCLC, response rate was 52 and 50%, progression-free survival was 4.2 and 2.6 months, overall survival was 11.6 and 10.3 months, and 1-year survival rate was 46 and 40%, respectively. These results are promising for the treatment of both NSCLC and SCLC. Further clinical trials will clarify the status of amrubicin in the treatment of lung cancer.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pharmacology (medical)