An alma view of molecular filaments in the large magellanic cloud. i. The formation of high-mass stars and pillars in the n159e-papillon nebula triggered by a cloud-cloud collision

Yasuo Fukui, Kazuki Tokuda, Kazuya Saigo, Ryohei Harada, Kengo Tachihara, Kisetsu Tsuge, Tsuyoshi Inoue, Kazufumi Torii, Atsushi Nishimura, Sarolta Zahorecz, Omnarayani Nayak, Margaret Meixner, Tetsuhiro Minamidani, Akiko Kawamura, Norikazu Mizuno, Remy Indebetouw, Marta Sewiło, Suzanne Madden, Maud Galametz, Vianney LebouteillerC. H.Rosie Chen, Toshikazu Onishi

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32 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present ALMA observations of CO isotopes and 1.3 mm continuum emission toward the N159E-Papillon Nebula in the Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC). The spatial resolution is 0.″25-0.″28 (0.06-0.07 pc), which is a factor of 3 higher than previous ALMA observations in this region. The high resolution allowed us to resolve highly filamentary CO distributions with typical widths of ∼0.1 pc (full width half maximum) and line masses of a few 100 M o˙ pc-1. The filaments (more than ten in number) show an outstanding hub-filament structure emanating from the nebular center toward the north. We identified for the first time two massive protostellar outflows of ∼104 yr dynamical age along one of the most massive filaments. The observations also revealed several pillar-like CO features around the Nebula. The H ii region and the pillars have a complementary spatial distribution and the column density of the pillars is an order of magnitude higher than that of the pillars in the Eagle nebula (M16) in the Galaxy, suggesting an early stage of pillar formation with an age younger than ∼105 yr. We suggest that a cloud-cloud collision triggered the formation of the filaments and protostar within the last ∼2 Myr. It is possible that the collision is more recent, as part of the kpc-scale H i flows come from the tidal interaction resulting from the close encounter between the LMC and SMC ∼200 Myr ago as suggested for R136 by Fukui et al.

Original languageEnglish
Article number14
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume886
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 20 2019
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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