An analysis of split shear waves observed above crustal and uppermost mantle earthquakes beneath Shikoku, Japan: implications in effective depth extent of seismic anisotropy

S. Kaneshima, M. Ando

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Shear wave splitting has been detected in three-component seismograms from a number of small earthquakes taking place either within the upper crust or the uppermost mantle beneath the Shikoku area, Japan. The faster shear wave polarizations at the stations in the central part of Shikoku and the pattern of travel time differences between split shear waves are successfully explained in terms of crustal anisotropy generated by vertical alignment of stress-induced microcracks. The difference in polarization directions suggests that the tectonic stress state beneath the southern Shikoku region is significantly different from that beneath the central part of Shikoku. A quantitative analysis of travel time differences between split shear waves suggests that the presence of seismic anisotropy which causes the observed shear wave splitting is limited to the upper 10 or 15 km of the crust. -from Authors

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)14,077-14,092
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research
Volume94
Issue numberB10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1989
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geophysics
  • Forestry
  • Oceanography
  • Aquatic Science
  • Ecology
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Soil Science
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Earth-Surface Processes
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Palaeontology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'An analysis of split shear waves observed above crustal and uppermost mantle earthquakes beneath Shikoku, Japan: implications in effective depth extent of seismic anisotropy'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this