An analysis of urban environmental Kuznets curve of CO 2 emissions

Empirical analysis of 276 global metropolitan areas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

This study analyzed the relationship between urban CO 2 emissions and economic growth applying the environmental Kuznets curve hypothesis. The objective of this study is to investigate how urban CO 2 emissions and their composition have changed with urban economic growth, depending on city characteristics, using a dataset of metropolitan areas. We obtained data for 276 cities in 26 countries for the years 2000, 2005, and 2008. The dataset includes urban CO 2 emissions, GDP, and population. Additionally, data regarding compact city variables are applied to determinants analysis using an econometric approach. The results demonstrate an inverted U-shape relationship between urban CO 2 emissions and urban economic growth. Additionally, an inverted U-shape relationship is observed for the transport and residential & industry sectors. However, the turning points of each inverted U-shape curve varies. This result implies that we can better understand urban policies for reducing urban CO 2 emissions by considering the characteristics of each sector.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1561-1568
Number of pages8
JournalApplied Energy
Volume228
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 15 2018

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Kuznets curve
empirical analysis
metropolitan area
Economics
economic growth
urban policy
econometrics
Gross Domestic Product
Chemical analysis
analysis
Industry
industry
city

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Building and Construction
  • Energy(all)
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

Cite this

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title = "An analysis of urban environmental Kuznets curve of CO 2 emissions: Empirical analysis of 276 global metropolitan areas",
abstract = "This study analyzed the relationship between urban CO 2 emissions and economic growth applying the environmental Kuznets curve hypothesis. The objective of this study is to investigate how urban CO 2 emissions and their composition have changed with urban economic growth, depending on city characteristics, using a dataset of metropolitan areas. We obtained data for 276 cities in 26 countries for the years 2000, 2005, and 2008. The dataset includes urban CO 2 emissions, GDP, and population. Additionally, data regarding compact city variables are applied to determinants analysis using an econometric approach. The results demonstrate an inverted U-shape relationship between urban CO 2 emissions and urban economic growth. Additionally, an inverted U-shape relationship is observed for the transport and residential & industry sectors. However, the turning points of each inverted U-shape curve varies. This result implies that we can better understand urban policies for reducing urban CO 2 emissions by considering the characteristics of each sector.",
author = "Hidemichi Fujii and Kazuyuki Iwata and Chapman, {Andrew John} and Shigemi Kagawa and Shunsuke Managi",
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T1 - An analysis of urban environmental Kuznets curve of CO 2 emissions

T2 - Empirical analysis of 276 global metropolitan areas

AU - Fujii, Hidemichi

AU - Iwata, Kazuyuki

AU - Chapman, Andrew John

AU - Kagawa, Shigemi

AU - Managi, Shunsuke

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N2 - This study analyzed the relationship between urban CO 2 emissions and economic growth applying the environmental Kuznets curve hypothesis. The objective of this study is to investigate how urban CO 2 emissions and their composition have changed with urban economic growth, depending on city characteristics, using a dataset of metropolitan areas. We obtained data for 276 cities in 26 countries for the years 2000, 2005, and 2008. The dataset includes urban CO 2 emissions, GDP, and population. Additionally, data regarding compact city variables are applied to determinants analysis using an econometric approach. The results demonstrate an inverted U-shape relationship between urban CO 2 emissions and urban economic growth. Additionally, an inverted U-shape relationship is observed for the transport and residential & industry sectors. However, the turning points of each inverted U-shape curve varies. This result implies that we can better understand urban policies for reducing urban CO 2 emissions by considering the characteristics of each sector.

AB - This study analyzed the relationship between urban CO 2 emissions and economic growth applying the environmental Kuznets curve hypothesis. The objective of this study is to investigate how urban CO 2 emissions and their composition have changed with urban economic growth, depending on city characteristics, using a dataset of metropolitan areas. We obtained data for 276 cities in 26 countries for the years 2000, 2005, and 2008. The dataset includes urban CO 2 emissions, GDP, and population. Additionally, data regarding compact city variables are applied to determinants analysis using an econometric approach. The results demonstrate an inverted U-shape relationship between urban CO 2 emissions and urban economic growth. Additionally, an inverted U-shape relationship is observed for the transport and residential & industry sectors. However, the turning points of each inverted U-shape curve varies. This result implies that we can better understand urban policies for reducing urban CO 2 emissions by considering the characteristics of each sector.

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