An animal model of spontaneous metabolic syndrome

Nile grass rat

Kousuke Noda, Mark I. Melhorn, Souska Zandi, Sonja Frimmel, Faryan Tayyari, Toshio Hisatomi, Lama Almulki, Andrzej Pronczuk, K. C. Hayes, Ali Hafezi-Moghadam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

33 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a prevalent and complex disease, characterized by the variable coexistence of obesity, dyslipidemia, hyperinsulinaemia, and hypertension. The alarming rise in the prevalence of metabolic disorders makes it imperative to innovate preventive or therapeutic measures for MetS and its complications. However, the elucidation of the pathogenesis of MetS has been hampered by the lack of realistic models. For example, the existing animal models of MetS, i.e., genetically engineered rodents, imitate certain aspects of the disease, while lacking other important components. Defining the natural course of MetS in a spontaneous animal model of the disease would be desirable. Here, we introduce the Nile grass rat (NGR), Arvicanthis niloticus, as a novel model of MetS. Studies of over 1100 NGRs in captivity, fed normal chow, revealed that most of these animals spontaneously develop dyslipidemia (P<0.01), and hyperglycemia (P<0.01) by 1 yr of age. Further characterization showed that the diabetic rats develop liver steatosis, abdominal fat accumulation, nephropathy, atrophy of pancreatic islets of Langerhans, fatty streaks in the aorta, and hypertension (P<0.01). Diabetic NGRs in the early phase of the disease develop hyperinsulinemia, and show a strong inverse correlation between plasma adiponectin and HbA1c levels (P<0.01). These data indicate that the NGR is a valuable, spontaneous model for exploring the etiology and pathophysiology of MetS as well as its various complications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2443-2453
Number of pages11
JournalFASEB Journal
Volume24
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2010
Externally publishedYes

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Poaceae
Rats
Animals
Animal Models
Hyperinsulinism
Dyslipidemias
Islets of Langerhans
Hypertension
Adiponectin
Animal Disease Models
Abdominal Fat
Liver
Fatty Liver
Hyperglycemia
Atrophy
Fats
Aorta
Rodentia
Plasmas
Obesity

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biotechnology
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics

Cite this

Noda, K., Melhorn, M. I., Zandi, S., Frimmel, S., Tayyari, F., Hisatomi, T., ... Hafezi-Moghadam, A. (2010). An animal model of spontaneous metabolic syndrome: Nile grass rat. FASEB Journal, 24(7), 2443-2453. https://doi.org/10.1096/fj.09-152678

An animal model of spontaneous metabolic syndrome : Nile grass rat. / Noda, Kousuke; Melhorn, Mark I.; Zandi, Souska; Frimmel, Sonja; Tayyari, Faryan; Hisatomi, Toshio; Almulki, Lama; Pronczuk, Andrzej; Hayes, K. C.; Hafezi-Moghadam, Ali.

In: FASEB Journal, Vol. 24, No. 7, 01.07.2010, p. 2443-2453.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Noda, K, Melhorn, MI, Zandi, S, Frimmel, S, Tayyari, F, Hisatomi, T, Almulki, L, Pronczuk, A, Hayes, KC & Hafezi-Moghadam, A 2010, 'An animal model of spontaneous metabolic syndrome: Nile grass rat', FASEB Journal, vol. 24, no. 7, pp. 2443-2453. https://doi.org/10.1096/fj.09-152678
Noda K, Melhorn MI, Zandi S, Frimmel S, Tayyari F, Hisatomi T et al. An animal model of spontaneous metabolic syndrome: Nile grass rat. FASEB Journal. 2010 Jul 1;24(7):2443-2453. https://doi.org/10.1096/fj.09-152678
Noda, Kousuke ; Melhorn, Mark I. ; Zandi, Souska ; Frimmel, Sonja ; Tayyari, Faryan ; Hisatomi, Toshio ; Almulki, Lama ; Pronczuk, Andrzej ; Hayes, K. C. ; Hafezi-Moghadam, Ali. / An animal model of spontaneous metabolic syndrome : Nile grass rat. In: FASEB Journal. 2010 ; Vol. 24, No. 7. pp. 2443-2453.
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