An Automatic Dictionary Extraction and Annotation Method Using Simulated Annealing for Detecting Human Values

Yasuhiro Takayama, Yoichi Tomiura, Kenneth R. Fleischmann, An Shou Cheng, Douglas W. Oard, Emi Ishita

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

This paper studies a method for identifying word unigrams and word big rams that are associated with one or more human values such as freedom or innovation. The key idea is to deterministically associate values with word choices, thus permitting values reflected by sentences to be assigned using dictionary lookup. This approach works nearly as well on average as the most accurate existing methods, and at close to the best results that can be achieved by a second human annotator, but the principal contribution of the new method is that the basis for the system's classification decisions are more easily interpreted by social scientists. The new method is based using a Monte Carlo algorithm with simulated annealing to efficiently explore the space for optimal assignments of human values to unigrams and big rams. Results are reported on an annotated test collection of prepared statements from witnesses at public hearings on the topic of net neutrality. The results include accuracy comparisons with the previously reported approach.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings - 2015 IIAI 4th International Congress on Advanced Applied Informatics, IIAI-AAI 2015
EditorsSachio Hirokawa, Kiyota Hashimoto, Tokuro Matsuo, Tsunenori Mine
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages177-182
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9781479999583
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 6 2016
Event4th IIAI International Congress on Advanced Applied Informatics, IIAI-AAI 2015 - Okayama, Japan
Duration: Jul 12 2015Jul 16 2015

Publication series

NameProceedings - 2015 IIAI 4th International Congress on Advanced Applied Informatics, IIAI-AAI 2015

Other

Other4th IIAI International Congress on Advanced Applied Informatics, IIAI-AAI 2015
CountryJapan
CityOkayama
Period7/12/157/16/15

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Information Systems
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition

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    Takayama, Y., Tomiura, Y., Fleischmann, K. R., Cheng, A. S., Oard, D. W., & Ishita, E. (2016). An Automatic Dictionary Extraction and Annotation Method Using Simulated Annealing for Detecting Human Values. In S. Hirokawa, K. Hashimoto, T. Matsuo, & T. Mine (Eds.), Proceedings - 2015 IIAI 4th International Congress on Advanced Applied Informatics, IIAI-AAI 2015 (pp. 177-182). [7373897] (Proceedings - 2015 IIAI 4th International Congress on Advanced Applied Informatics, IIAI-AAI 2015). Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1109/IIAI-AAI.2015.268