A helicene compound called AIBTh, wherein two azulene units are fused with isobenzothiophene, has been prepared and characterized by spectroscopic and crystallographic methods. The enantiomers of AIBTh were resolved by HPLC, exhibiting stable optical activity. AIBTh showed two reversible oxidation and one irreversible reduction waves with a HOMO-LUMO gap of 2.07 eV. Upon one-electron oxidation of AIBTh, its air-stable cation radical was isolated and analyzed by EPR as well as X-ray crystallography. Based on the EPR spectrum, the crystal structure, and DFT calculation, it is suggested that favorable resonance structures including aromatic tropylium cation forms and wide delocalization of electronic spin are dominating in the electronic structure of the cation radical.
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