Recently, labor accidents caused by toxic gas production such as H 2S and CH4 have happened at some waste disposal sites and illegal dumping sites in Japan. The gas production has been known to be end products of bacterial respiration. In order to investigate a microbial flora in industrial waste contaminated soil by a DNA-based detection method, we developed a simple DNA extraction method. The method is based on lysis with sodium dodecyl sulfate(SDS)and a high concentration (4.0 mg/ml) of lysozyme at room temperature. DNA yields increased according to the concentration of lysozyme (0 ∼ 2 mg/ml), although the cell lysis occurred at comparable efficiency independent of the lysozyme concentration. Interestingly, bovine serum albumin and insulin (4 mg/ml) also contributed high DNA yields. This suggests proteins play an important role at high concentration on a DNA extraction process, presumably by suppressing DNA degradation or adsorption. DNA yields from three contaminated soil samples at 0.3, 1.5 and 3 m in depth by using our method were significantly higher than those extracted by using a widely-used conventional method which did not contain lysozyme. A novel and simple DNA extraction method using high concentration of protein was established for a DNA-based detection method of microbial flora in soil.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health