An estimation of the radioactive 35S emitted into the atmospheric from the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant by using a numerical simulation global transport

Sebastian O. Danielache, Chisato Yoshikawa, Antra Priyadarshi, Toshihiko Takemura, Yuichiro Ueno, Mark H. Thiemens, Naohiro Yoshida

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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    Abstract

    We present a numerical study carried out with the SPRINTARS model modified to account for the radioactive decay of 35S compounds emitted from the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant station after the hydrogen and vapor blast. The transport dynamics of the released material reproduced previous field observations. Four different emission scenarios were compared to the measurements of atmospheric 35S in sulfate collected in La Jolla, Tsukuba, Kashiwa and Yokohama. Linear regressions of the relation between emitted and transported material that reached the sampling sites were used to estimate the amount of 35S atoms and the amount of neutrons released in to the atmosphere. We estimate that a lower limit of 1.9 × 10 16 35S atoms sec-1 were released after the events in March and this flux dropped to 4-39 × 1014 35S atoms sec-1 at the end of the month. Based on this calculations we estimated a lower limit of 5.2 × 1021 slow neutrons m-2 sec-1 were emitted from the nuclear fuel rods to the sea water injected in the reactors after the events in March.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)335-339
    Number of pages5
    JournalGeochemical Journal
    Volume46
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2012

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    nuclear power plants
    nuclear power plant
    Nuclear power plants
    Atoms
    radioactive decay
    Computer simulation
    Neutrons
    simulation
    atoms
    sea water
    nuclear fuels
    Nuclear fuels
    hydrogen
    blasts
    estimates
    sulfate
    seawater
    thermal neutrons
    Linear regression
    Sulfates

    All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

    • Geophysics
    • Geochemistry and Petrology

    Cite this

    An estimation of the radioactive 35S emitted into the atmospheric from the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant by using a numerical simulation global transport. / Danielache, Sebastian O.; Yoshikawa, Chisato; Priyadarshi, Antra; Takemura, Toshihiko; Ueno, Yuichiro; Thiemens, Mark H.; Yoshida, Naohiro.

    In: Geochemical Journal, Vol. 46, No. 4, 01.01.2012, p. 335-339.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Danielache, Sebastian O. ; Yoshikawa, Chisato ; Priyadarshi, Antra ; Takemura, Toshihiko ; Ueno, Yuichiro ; Thiemens, Mark H. ; Yoshida, Naohiro. / An estimation of the radioactive 35S emitted into the atmospheric from the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant by using a numerical simulation global transport. In: Geochemical Journal. 2012 ; Vol. 46, No. 4. pp. 335-339.
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    AU - Takemura, Toshihiko

    AU - Ueno, Yuichiro

    AU - Thiemens, Mark H.

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